Στήλη: Sports

Ballon d” Or

By: Κωνσταντίνος Παπαγιαννόπουλος & Κωνσταντίνος Χαραλάμπους

The Ballon d’Or (French pronunciation: ​[balɔ̃ dɔʁ]; «Golden Ball») is an annual football award presented by French Football. It has been awarded since 1956, although between 2010 and 2015, an agreement was made with FIFA and the award was temporarily merged with the FIFA World Player of the Year, and known as the FIFA Ballon d’Or. However, the partnership ended in 2016 and the award was reversed back to Ballon d’Or, while FIFA also reverted to its own separate annual award (now named The Best FIFA Men’s Player).

Conceived by sports writer Gabriel Hanot, the Ballon d’Or award honours the male player deemed to have performed the best over the previous year, based on voting by football journalists. Originally it was an award for players from Europe. In 1995 the Ballon d’Or was expanded to include all players from any origin that have been active at European clubs. The award became a global prize in 2007 with all professional footballers from around the world being eligible.

History

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Stanley Matthews of Blackpool was the inaugural winner of the Ballon d’Or. Prior to 1995, the award was often known in English language media as the European Footballer of the Year award. Milan’s George Weah, the only African recipient, became the first non-European to win the award in the year that rules of eligibility were changed. Ronaldo of Internazionale became the first South American winner two years later. Lionel Messi and Cristiano Ronaldo have won the award a record five times each. Three players have won the award three times each: Johan Cruyff of Ajax and Barcelona, Michel Platini of Juventus and Marco van Basten of Milan. With seven awards each, Dutch, German and Portuguese players won the most Ballons d’Or. Spanish club Barcelona has the most winners, with 11 wins.Between 2010 and 2015 inclusive, the award was merged with a similar one, the FIFA World Player of the Year award, to create the FIFA Ballon d’Or, which was awarded to the world’s best male player before FIFA and France Football broke the merging agreement. After 2011, UEFA created the UEFA Best Player in Europe Award to maintain the format of the original Ballon d’Or. Eight players (Bobby Charlton, Franz Beckenbauer, Gerd Müller, Paolo Rossi, Zinedine Zidane, Rivaldo, Ronaldinho and Kaká) have won the FIFA World Cup, the European Cup/UEFA Champions League and the Ballon d’Or during their careers.

The Premier League Summer Transfer Window 2017

 

By Charalabos Papagiannopoylos and

Andonis Pitsios

The Premier League is England’s football first division and has been named as one of the best, most competitive and also richest leagues in the world. The summer transfer window gives Premier League clubs the chance to sell and purchase players ahead of the new season to strengthen their squad. So we are going to analize the biggest transfers of the summer of 2017 of the Big Six. The Big Six is a group of the six most historical English clubs.

Chelsea

Starting of with the champions, Chelsea wanted to strengthen their squad’s deapth as the club would have more games than last season due to the qualification in Champions League. To do that they signed with  Tiemoue Bakayoko, a midfielder that helped his team, Monaco reach the semifinals of Champions League and win the French championship (League 1).

To improve their back Line, Chelsea signed with Antonio Rudiger and Davide Zappacosta from Calcio A teams Roma and Torino.

The biggest transfer that they made was the signing of Alvaro Morata with £75 million. The young forward was playing as back up striker for Real Madrid, the championshions of Europe and Spain. But Morata wasn’t the first choice. The club tried to bring back Romelu Lukaku that was outstanding last season scoring 24 times.

The club also signed with Willy Caballero, Danny Drinkwater and Kylian Hazard, the brother of the star of the team, Eden Hazard. Chelsea also tried to sign with the Juventus left back Alex Sandro but the Italian club refused after 3 failed bids. The signing hasn’t played a big role to the team yet execpt of Morata that has 9 goals so far this season.

 

Tottenham Hotspur

The runner ups were very late to make their first signing. They sold Kyle Walker to Manchester City and they wanted a replacement. So they signed with Serge Aurier from the French club Paris Saint Germen. Furthermore, Spurs signed with Davison Sanchez, a very young talent from Ajax.

But there was a problem. If the star of the team, Harry Kane got injured, Tottenham wouldn’t have any replacements. To solve that problem, they signed with a very experienced striker, Fernando Llorente.

At the end of the summer they almost lost Dany Rose. The player demanded better wages and he told the SUN: “As with everyone else in my team, in my opinion, I am worth more than I am getting. Rose also demanded Tottenham to sign with players he didn’t “have to google”.

Manchester United

Manchester United wanted to turn things up as the historic club finished 6th last season. First, they sold their legend, Wayne Rooney to his first club Everton, a decision that didn’t spread happiness to Man United fans.

But the club strengthened his forward line a lot with the signing of Romelu Lukaku for £75 million and Zlatan Ibrahimovic. The Sweedish veteran had a very bad injury last year but he came back so quickly that the doctors were shocked.

Moreover, they signed with Nemanja Matic, a midfielder from Chelsea that helped his country reach the final phase of the World Cup in Russia. Last, they signed with a young center back from the Portuguese championshions, Benfica with the name Viktor Lindelof.

The club is currently second and Matic is playing well but there has been a lot of critisisim surounding Lukaku and Lindelof.

Liverpool

From one historic club to another, Liverpool had many things to prove after qualifing for Champions League. First of all, they signed with the young Dominik Solanke. The 19-year-old had helped England’s Under 20 team win the World Cup (U-20).

Probably the best signing of the summer, Mohamed Salah joined Liverpool for only £35 million. The Egyptian is the first scorer of the league so far with 14 goals. At his first 3 months with Liverpool Salah has won the award of the best player in Premier League in November, best African player and single handedly made the Pharaohs reach their first World Cup finals since 1990 with an emotional last minute penalty.

At dedline day (the last day of the transfer window) ,Liverpool surprisingly signed with Alex-Oxlade Chamberlin for £40 million! The signing was one of the worst of the window because the player only scored only 1 goal this season.

Arsenal

Arsenal didn’t make so many signings as other years. After selling Kieren Gibbs to West Brom, the club wanted a new left back so they signed with Sead Kolasinac from Schalke.

After scoring 37 goals in all competitions for Lyon Alexander Lacazette was ready to get his move to a bigger club. So Arsenal signed him for £46 million. Since then, he has found the net 8 times in the League.

Manchester City

Last but not least, Manchester City is 1st on the leaderboard for the 2017-18 season so far and it seams that they are going to win the League because not only are they unbitten ,but they have won every game they played so far.

First of all, Man City’s first signing of the summer was Bernardo Silva from Monaco. Man City needed to strengthen their defence so they signed with Kyle Walker from Tottenham, Danilo from Real Madrid and Benjamin Mendy from Monaco. Along with John Stones, Manchester City has now the most expensive defence of all time. Moreover, they needed a new goalkeeper so they signed with Ederson that played for Benfica.

Bibliograpy

https://www.premierleague.com/

https://en.wikipedia.org/

http://www.gazzetta.gr/

Doping in Ancient Times and Modern Times

By Nick Brakatselos (A Class)

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We can observe through centuries that people, especially athletes, have used illegal substances in order to improve their skills, despite the restrictions imposed by the various athletic organizations. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the use and perception of these illegal techniques through the ages.

In competitive sports, doping is the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by athletic competitors. The term doping is widely used by organizations that regulate sporting competitions. The use of drugs to enhance performance is considered unethical, and therefore prohibited, by most international sports organizations. Furthermore, athletes taking explicit measures to evade detection, exacerbate the ethical violation with overt deception and cheating.
Historically speaking, the origins of doping in sports go back to the very creation of sport itself.  The general trend among authorities and sporting organizations over the past several decades has been to strictly regulate the use of drugs in sport. The reasons for the ban are mainly the health risks of performance-enhancing drugs, the equality of opportunity for athletes, and the exemplary effect of drug-free sport for the public. Anti-doping authorities state that using performance-enhancing drugs goes against the «spirit of sportsmanship».

Since the time of Ancient Olympia, where the only tangible prize was an olive branch, the glory of the winner was remarkable. Every city-state honored the winner like a hero or god.  This fact forced athletes to resort to irregular techniques to improve their athletic skills.

A mixture of wine and Strychnine, a poison that acts as a stimulant in small doses, and the cock that survived cow-fighting, was considered the ideal food for an athlete before the race. Mushroom varieties and dry figs for sugar content were key nutrients. The wrestlers fed with a mixture of bull and pig meat to get protein. The ancient Egyptians used substances from the backs of the donkeys, while the Roman gladiators drank stimulating substances before entering the arena. Years have passed, but the great desire of many athletes to win at any price has remained unchanged over the centuries.

Nowadays, athletes can do everything in order to win the games. They consume substances as Steroids, Strychnine, Stimulants and Anabolic steroids. Furthermore, in corresponding interviews they answer that they could even die for the victory. However, many sports organizations have banned the use of performance-enhancing drugs and have very strict rules and penalties for people who are caught using them.

Match report: Late goal denies Liverpool win at Old Trafford

A late equaliser forced Liverpool to settle for a 1-1 draw with Manchester United at Old Trafford on Sunday afternoon.

James Milner looked to have handed his side a Premier League victory by converting from 12 yards after Paul Pogba was penalised for handball inside his own area in the first half.

But Jürgen Klopp’s team was denied the chance to reclaim second place when Zlatan Ibrahimovic looped a header over Simon Mignolet with six minutes to go.

The key points…

  • Milner penalty put Liverpool into first-half lead
  • Mignolet denied Ibrahimovic and Henrikh Mkhitaryan
  • Philippe Coutinho featured as a substitute again
  • Ibrahimovic headed home an equaliser in final stages

The team news…

There were a number of key updates ahead of kick-off, with Joel Matip unavailable as the club seeks clarity on his eligibility and Nathaniel Clyne absent due to a rib/abdominal injury sustained at Southampton in midweek.

Jordan Henderson returned from his heel issue to captain the side, while Mignolet, Trent Alexander-Arnold and Divock Origi were also brought in by Klopp.

The first half…

The teams emerged to a wall of noise, but neither the home crowd nor the vocal visiting supporters had much to cheer during an opening 10 minutes almost completely lacking in goalmouth action.

A first hint of a chance came on 13 minutes through enterprising play by Anthony Martial, whose lofted delivery from the left proved too awkward to finish when Ibrahimovic met the ball at the back post.

There was an agonising wait as the United No.9 then chased down Dejan Lovren’s short pass towards Mignolet and his blocked shot looped high into the air and dropped down – thankfully, onto the roof of the net.

Pogba dragged a left-footer wide having been artfully slipped in by Mkhitaryan, while Alexander-Arnold saw a shot thwarted after Emre Can side-stepped a tackle and swung the ball into the penalty box.

But Liverpool grabbed the lead on 27 minutes.

A corner in from the right hand side was handballed by Pogba as Lovren looked to connect with a header, allowing Milner to step up and place an excellent spot-kick beyond the dive of David de Gea for 1-0.

United rallied and Mignolet was forced into a crucial reaction save when the hosts won a 33rd-minute free-kick on the edge of the box and Ibrahimovic thundered it towards the bottom left corner.

The Belgian then stood tall to deny Mkhitaryan at close range, after the midfielder had been released clear into ample space, meaning Klopp’s men carried their advantage into the break.

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The second half…

They forged the first chance when the rivals returned, too, with Roberto Firmino leading a speedy counter-attack through the middle that ended with Origi aiming a promising curler for the top corner that was deflected wide.

A rapid break of United’s own might have brought a leveller moments later.

Martial robbed Alexander-Arnold of possession around halfway and the ball was moved to Ibrahimovic and then on to an unmarked Mkhitaryan, who could not find a teammate with his cross.

Liverpool were under heavy pressure on the hour mark, prompting the manager to send on Coutinho in place of Origi and switch Firmino to the centre of the attack.

The change almost paid instant dividends, as the No.10’s brilliant reverse pass into the run of his compatriot opened up freedom for a strike on the angle – only for De Gea to get down quickly and block.

As the game entered its final quarter of an hour, the visitors launched their latest breakaway and ultimately teed up Georginio Wijnaldum inside the area for a header that the No.5 couldn’t control and powered over the bar.

And their resolve was finally broken by the Red Devils with just six minutes of normal time remaining, when Ibrahimovic was found free and the Swede directed a header underneath the crossbar.

 

UNIQUE & UNUSUAL SPORTS

By Malvina Petropoulou, Demetra Papoutsi & Joanna Barlou (A Class)

Sports have been around in various forms and cultures since pretty much the beginning of time. To this day, they are praised and loved by many for not only the numerous health benefits they come with, but also for the recreation they provide and the values and ideals they continue to instill in people of all ages.

But what can be considered a sport? Is it necessary that it is physically challenging, or should everyone be able to participate? Must it take place in a specific, designated area, or could it be played anywhere? The list of potential questions is endless and answering them all practically impossible, since there is no explicit definition of what may or may not be called a “sport”.

This has inevitably led to a number of strange, unique and unusual activities being dubbed “sports”, and slowly but steadily catching the eye of the public and gaining popularity throughout the years. That being said, here is a list of some of the most noticeable, and, obviously, unusual sports to date:

 

       Extreme Ironing  Καταγραφή 

And no, we did not just make that up. Extreme ironing is, according to the official website, “the latest danger sport that combines the thrill of an extreme outdoor activity with the satisfaction of a well-pressed shirt.” It invites players (“ironists”, that is) to take their iron boards with them to remote or exotic locations, and take pictures of themselves doing a little ironing. So far, extreme ironing has taken place on various unexpected occasions, including hanging from cliffs, being on top of moving vehicles and, of course, underwater. Ouch.

 

           Chess Boxing

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Who said that being physically fit is all it takes to be an athlete? A sport that is interesting and spectacular as well as unique, chess boxing combines -you guessed it!- boxing with playing chess. The first official chess boxing event was organised in 2003 and the sport seems to have hit a real chord with the public, constantly increasing its popularity and expanding its fan club ever since. It alternates between games of boxing and chess after each round, waiting for a knockout or checkmate to decide the match. A game between two individuals can last up to eleven rounds, commencing with four minutes of chess followed by two minutes of boxing.

Canine Freestyle Dancing

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  Last but not least, man’s best friend gets to participate in a rather unusual sport as well. There are two types of canine freestyle dancing, which can be best described as a test for obedience, tricks and dance, freestyle heeling and musical heeling. Depending on the category, the dog is either allowed to perform only heeling tricks accompanied by a trainer or carry out a set of tricks all by itself, to the sound of music, all while dressed accordingly to the selected track. There are even special choreographers who can help train a dog, as well as its master, in order for them to partake in such a competition. Yep, doesn’t get much stranger than that.

DODGEBALL

By Chris Papagiannopoulos (A Class)

Dodgeball is a game in which the players in two teams try to throw balls at each other while avoiding being hit themselves. In North America, the game is typically played among children 6–12 in elementary school. However, internationally, the sport has also emerged as a popular middle-school, high-school and college sport and in some countries universities also play the sport. It is also popular in informal settings and is often played on a playground, in the community or in organised recreational leagues.

 

There are many variations of the game, but generally the main objective of each team is to eliminate all members of the opposing team by hitting them with thrown balls, catching a ball thrown by a member of the opposing team, or forcing them to move outside the court boundaries when a ball is thrown at them.

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Teenagers playing dodgeball

 

RULES OF THE GAME

At the beginning of a dodgeball game, the balls are lined up on the central dividing line. The players then simultaneously rush towards the center line and try to grab one of the dodgeballs and throw or roll it backwards to their teammates; players cannot pick up a ball and throw it instantly. Once the game has commenced, players throw balls at the members of the opposing team in an attempt to eliminate the players.

When a player has been hit by a dodgeball «on the full» (i.e. without hitting the roof, the floor, any of the walls, or an outside object and rebounding off) and no one catches it before it becomes dead, that player has been eliminated and must move to his team’s designated bench area (players are still out if the ball rebounds off another dodgeball and/or a player and hits them on the full). The same rule applies if any number of people try to catch the ball but drop it. Depending on the rules and variation, «headshots» (balls thrown in dodgeball that hit an opposing player in the head) may either result in the thrower being out, or the person being hit being out, or both.

If a player catches a ball thrown by the opposing team on the full, then the player who threw the ball is eliminated. As long as the ball has been caught in any way and is held for at least two seconds, the thrower is out. If a dodgeball hits an opposing player but gets caught by one of the hit player’s teammates, the thrower is out.

Players can pick up dead balls and throw them back at the other team. Players are allowed to leave the confines of the court to gather balls that have rolled out of bounds, but cannot throw the ball until they are back inside the court. A ball thrown from outside the court cannot eliminate an opponent who is hit. It only succeeds in getting the thrower automatically eliminated. A player who moves completely out of bounds when a ball is thrown at them and does not catch that ball is also eliminated. If a player moves into the opponent’s zone or picks up a ball from inside the opponent’s zone without it fully rolling inside their zone, that player is out. Players can also get eliminated if their throw hits an opponent on the head, displays bad sportsmanship, or cheats. Kicking the balls is prohibited.

Once all players on either team are eliminated, the game is over.

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Players running for the balls

 

SOURCES:

-        WIKIPEDIA

-        https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dodgeball#Rules_of_game

 

Weird Sports

By Sofia Argiropoulou, Athanasia Kouli & Angela Mastrogiannopoulou (A Class)

 

Practising various sports is a way for many people to escape from their daily routine. But how many sports do we really know to exist? Below there are some unusual and breathtaking sports that will definitely blow up your mind!!!

  1. Tandem surfing

Tandem surfing is the act of holding up various gymnastic poses while riding the waves on a surfboard. It requires two opposite-sex partners and it combines the balance needed to even stand up on a board with the strength to strike gymnastic stances. Extreme sports lovers should go crazy with the sense of freedom and the adrenaline rush tandem surfing offers.

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2. Wing Walking

A wing walking experience definitely counts as one of life’s greatest aerial adventures.

Normally you fly inside a plane rather than actually on it. For this unique departure you will be physically standing on the wings of a biplane. Waving enthusiastically at your friends and family watching from below and reveling in the complete triumph of your feat (and probably pulling some priceless facial expressions too) is all part of the experience.

You will need to keep your wits about you for this thrilling experience and, of course, all safety precautions are taken, but it still takes some serious guts to climb up onto the struts of the plane to the harness.

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3. Highlining

         Highlining is an extreme sport in which athletes traverse a narrow, springy band of rope suspended high above the ground.

The sport involves fixing a 1-inch thick rope between two mountains and walking over the gap in between. If that already sounds frightening enough, highlining also involves no safety net or balancing bar like you’d see a circus performer use. The high altitude also means that highliners have to contend with sudden gusts of wind that threaten to throw them off balance at any second. While most highliners attach themselves to the rope with a safety harness, a few brave (or crazy) soles insist on highlining with absolutely no safety equipment whatsoever. One slip and they would plummet to their death, now that’s definitely extreme!

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        All in all, it is true that these sports are completely out of the ordinary and the ideal option for adventure-seekers. More and more people should start practising them especially if they love feeling the adrenaline rush while being able to harmonise with air and water to an extreme level.

 

Bibliography:

  • http://www.earthtripper.com/worlds-most-dangerous-extreme-sports/page/3
  • http://www.aerosuperbatics.com/beawingwalker
  • http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/magazine/ngm-yosemite-falls-highline
  • https://www.google.gr/search?q=wing+walking&rlz=1C1AOHY_elGR708GR708&espv=2&biw=1024&bih=610&tbm=isch&tbo=u&source=univ&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi3ooKzoIjRAhVIXhQKHTY0ClgQsAQIKA&dpr=1#imgrc=nc-RNLITaNLXOM%3A
  • http://encyclopediaofsurfing.com/entries/tandem-surfing
  • http://adventure.howstuffworks.com/highlining.htm
  • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ezVTw8bstlQ

 

 

 

 

 

Polo… but without horses

by Afrodite Papadopoulou (A class)

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 I think we all know this famous sport with the horses and the sticks being played in England, but did you know that there is another sport also named polo but its players are in the water (of course without the horses!).

 

 Water Polo is a team water sport. It is played with seven players – one of whom is at the goal post and is known as the goalkeeper. Each team can have a total of fifteen players along with their substitutes. The game consists of four quarters in which the two teams attempt to score goals by throwing the ball into their opponent’s goal post. The team with the most goals at the end of the game wins the match. Except for the goalkeeper, the players participate in both offensive and defensive roles. Players require stamina and endurance to play the game because water polo is famous for its underwater fights.

 

Special equipment for the sport includes a water polo ball, numbered and colored caps and two goal posts. The game requires knowledge in swimming and ball handling. Also hours of training, specific diet and recuperation programmes are required.

 

Water Polo, as all sports, teaches significant values to its athletes and helps them to socialise through joining a group of common interests and aims.

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Team Rivalries

By Alexander Koutsoukos and Nikolas Avradinis (B class)

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       It is common knowledge that many people around the world are interested in sports. Some of them play a sport and some others are just keen on watching a sport. There are hundreds of teams in every sport with millions of fans around the globe. They all love their team and they enjoy watching it play. But, there is a huge question that has to be answered. Do all these fans show their support peacefully?

The phenomenon of hooliganism based on team fanatics is very usual, especially in Europe. There are some teams that every time they play, their supporters cause serious accidents by fighting each other. They don’t care at all about the game, their one and only thought is to go to the stadium and fight with their rivals. Some of the “deadliest” derbies of Europe are Panathinaikos-Olympiakos in Greece, Red Star Belgrade-Partizan in Serbia and Galatasaray-Fenerbahce in Turkey. It is very sad to see these things happen in European stadiums because of the fact that they destroy the image of football, basketball, volleyball or any other sport. The saddest of all is that during the accidents between the fans, despite some people’s heritage that is being destroyed, many human lives have been wasted…It is such a pity to hear that young people die for this reason.

I firmly believe that these people should be seriously punished in order to stop this kind of behavior. If we don’t act immediately they will continue to ruin everything they find in their passage with a view to satisfying their crazy willing.

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Golden State Warriors

By Antony Kostopoulos & Terry Karabalis (A class)

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We all know the unbroken record of Golden State Warriors. The only question nowadays is: can Golden State Warriors brake the ultimate record of wins of the BULLS since 1980?

The answer to this question is “YES”. Golden State Warriors is such a good NBA team that has broken most of the unbreakable World records. That is because of their shooting star, Stephan Curry. He is the most intelligent basketball player and he has broken a lots of records.

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However, Golden State Warriors has only 2 defeats at 35 games and they should not win up to 10 defeats. It is a very difficult record that BULLS achieved 35 years ago and they won the championship.

In conclusion, Golden State Warriors is a capable team that can break more records and one of the records of the most wins in a regular season belongs to them. In our humble opinion, it is the best team in the world but they can improve themselves even more.

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