Στήλη: Travelling-Holidays

“Travel broadens the mind”

By Nefeli Markou (B class)


Ever since the era of nomads people have travelled to almost every part of our planet no matter what their purpose had been. The aim of travelling in those days was mainly for survival whereas nowadays it is mainly for fun and to give ourselves the pleasure of having new experiences.


It’s these new experiences that can make one broaden his mind and change his outlook on life that are sought by travellers. How on earth can someone get in touch with lifestyles and traditions different from his own if he doesn’t abandon his set ways for a while and indulge into a whole new experience of different cultures? No amount of mere reading of travel books or watching documentaries can be compared with the force of images of someone who has actually been there himself and not via TV or books.


On the other hand, it is often said that travelling has become a big business and therefore its creative and educational characteristics mentioned above have faded away due to the attempt to see the lighter side of travelling only such as drinking fancy cocktails next to a pool or getting suntanned on a tropical island which serves the purpose of relaxation only.  Such travellers can’t be said to broaden their minds since they are restrained in a hotel lounge without contacting the customs and the cultures of the place visited.


So the mental benefits of travel depend on the individual. Travelling can’t be viewed on its own as anything more than an opportunity. How this opportunity will be milked and whether travelling is not just a break but an opportunity to cultivate our minds depends on us.

 trav 2



By Sotiropoulou Ioanna-Maria (B Class)


Desert,dry soil and winds brought from the Atlantic ocean.This is the scene in northwest Namibia, where Himba’s villages are located.Villages scattered all around,seasonal rigged by makeshift mud.


Himba’s are nomads.That’s why they have to move continuously. They graze cow herds, their movable property, their only property, their own life.


In their villages you can see only women and children. Women unpretentious expressive, tall, slender, living statues, walking the streets topless with irregular skins hanging just below their navel and cover their hips.They are doing everything in villages. Build their huts, take care of their children, cook, carry timber, water… Men are always away with the herds.




People there live in another era. Away from progress that threats their tradition.So close to nature and so dependent on her.

But, whatever their life is, as different as they may be from our own, undoubtedly has a common element. Life is struggle. Regardless of how or where, the circle is still the same.


Sources: Geotropio Magazine no.427


Superlative Spots

By Vicky Verra, Nikh Katika, Panagiwths Koutshs and Marinos Gizas (B Class)

Across the roughly 60 million square miles of land covering this breathtaking planet, there are a lot of exceedingly beautiful places. From serene and stirring to surreal and sublime, trying to list them all would be an impossible task; and of course beauty is in the eye of the beholder. But that doesn’t mean we can’t do our best to give a shout-out to some of the places that showcase the amazing accomplishments that Mother Nature – sometimes with an assist from her inhabitants – has achieved. Here are some of the best places.

The Maldives


Salar de Uyuni (Southwest Bolivia)


Victoria Falls (Zambia)


Northern Lights (Norway)



We decided to close with two Greek places, which in our opinion are the best in Greece

Meteora (defined as middle of the sky)








Travelling to Machu Picchu

By Myrsini Hamakioti (A Class)


One of the world’s great wonders, Machu Picchu is the Holy Grail for any traveler visiting South America. In a spectacular location, it’s the best-known archaeological site on the continent, with over 2500 people arriving daily.

Historians believe Machu Picchu was built at the height of the Inca Empire, which dominated western South America in the 15th and 16th centuries. Some of them support that Machu Picchu served as a royal estate for Inca emperors and nobles. Others have theorized that it was a religious site, pointing to its proximity to mountains and other geographical features that the Incas held sacred. Dozens of alternate hypotheses have cropped up in the years since Machu Picchu was first unveiled to the world, with scholars variously interpreting it as a prison, a trade hub, or a station for testing new crops, among many examples.

It was abandoned an estimated 100 years after its construction, probably around the time the Spanish began their conquest of the mighty pre-Columbian civilization in the 1530s, and remained in the dark for almost 4 centuries. In the summer of 1911 the American archaeologist Hiram Bingham arrived in Peru with a small team of explorers hoping to find Vilcabamba, the last Inca stronghold to fall to the Spanish. Traveling on foot and by mule, Bingham and his team made their way from Cuzco into the Urubamba Valley, where a local farmer told them of some ruins located at the top of a nearby mountain. The farmer called the mountain Machu Picchu, which translates to “old peak” in the native Quechua language. On July 24, after a tough climb to the mountain’s ridge in cold and drizzly weather, Bingham met a small group of peasants who showed him the rest of the way.


Machu Picchu is made up of more than 150 buildings ranging from baths and houses to temples and sanctuaries.

 Led by an 11-year-old boy, Bingham got his first glimpse of the intricate network of stone terraces marking the entrance to Machu Picchu.

In the midst of a tropical mountain forest on the eastern slopes of the Peruvian Andes, Machu Picchu’s walls, terraces, stairways and ramps blend seamlessly into its natural setting. The site’s finely crafted stonework, terraced fields and sophisticated irrigation system bear witness to the Inca civilization’s architectural, agricultural and engineering prowess. Its central buildings are prime examples of a masonry technique mastered by the Incas in which stones were cut to fit together without mortar.

Archaeologists have identified several distinct sectors that together comprise the city, including a farming zone, a residential neighborhood, a royal district and a sacred area. Machu Picchu’s most distinct and famous structures include the Temple of the Sun and the Intihuatana stone, a sculpted granite rock that is believed to have functioned as a solar clock or calendar.

Today, hundreds of thousands of people tramp through Machu Picchu every year, braving crowds and landslides to see the sun set over its towering stone monuments and marvel at the mysterious splendor of one of the world’s most famous manmade wonders.

temple of the sun

                           Temple of the Sun                    


        Intihuatana Stone           



Review of the Country Australia

By Aggelos Dedes and Stathis Konstandakopoulos (A Class)

Australia, or colloquially officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is an Oceanian country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous smaller islands. It is the world’s sixth-largest country by total area. Neighbouring countries include Indonesia, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. For at least 40,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century, Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians, who spoke languages grouped into roughly 250 language groups. After the European discovery of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, Australia’s eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades; the continent was explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies were established.


On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Since Federation, Australia has maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy comprising six states and several territories. The population of 23.6 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated in the eastern states and on the coast. Australia is a developed country and one of the wealthiest in the world, with the world’s 12th-largest economy. In 2012 Australia had the world’s fifth-highest per capita income. Australia’s military expenditure is the world’s 13th-largest. With the second-highest human development index globally, Australia ranks highly in many international comparisons of national performance, such as quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, and the protection of civil liberties and political rights.


Although most of Australia is semi-arid or desert, it includes a diverse range of habitats from alpine heaths to tropical rainforests, and is recognised as a mega diverse country. Fungi typify that diversity; an estimated 250,000 species—of which only 5% have been described—occur in Australia. Because of the continent’s great age, extremely variable weather patterns, and long-term geographic isolation, much of Australia’s biota is unique and diverse. About 85% of flowering plants, 84% of mammals, more than 45% of birds, and 89% of in-shore, temperate-zone fish are endemic. Australia has the greatest number of reptiles of any country, with 755 species.



Australia is a wealthy country; it generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing.It has a market economy, a relatively high GDP per capita, and a relatively low rate of poverty. In terms of average wealth, Australia ranked second in the world after Switzerland in 2013, although the nation’s poverty rate increased from 10.2 per cent to 11.8 per cent, from 2000/01 to 2013. It was identified by the Credit Suisse Research Institute as the nation with the highest median wealth in the world and the second-highest average wealth per adult in 2013.

The Australian dollar is the currency for the nation, including Christmas Island, Cocos (Keeling) Islands, and Norfolk Island, as well as the independent Pacific Island states of Kiribati, Nauru, and Tuvalu. With the 2006 merger of the Australian Stock Exchange and the Sydney Futures Exchange, the Australian Securities Exchange became the ninth largest in the world.

(Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Australia)


By Maria Stathopoulou (A Class)

PicMonkey Collage

It’s an exciting place with many things on offer especially as far as young people are concerned. It has many places of entertainment such as cinemas, theatres, clubs, restaurants, in short, a rather cosmopolitan place with an exciting nightlife. It also has many education facilities. There is a well known university that thousands of students attend. There is a high standard of medical care as well as fast and efficient means of transport. Last but not least, there is the harbor which is among the best and the biggest in Greece.


Patra is also famous for its carnival which is the best in Greece and among the best all over the world. Thousands of people visit Patra with a view to having fun and enjoying this exciting atmosphere to the full. I should mention that it was the cultural capital of Europe for 2006.



Florina and the Arcturos wildlife sanctuary

By Niki Argyrou-Kolotourou (A Class)


We dropped into the Arcturos environmental center in Nymfaio while touring the wider region.

A preserved traditional settlement surrounded by forest, Nymfaio is graced by stunningly beautiful stone mansions and stone-paved tracks. The nearby Arcturos Environmental Center, an enclosed expanse covering 50 str., is located amid a natural forest of unparallel beauty and is open to visitors. It is home to 10 bears that once lived in captivity.



Wild bears roam freely around the sanctuary, as well as further out. Arcturos is a non –profit civil partnership that lobbies to protect nature by developing actions of public awareness, environmental education and volunteerism. The environmental Center has resolved the problem of captive bears and wolves in Greece and raised public awareness about large mammals.


An information centre operates at Nymfaio’s Nikeios School, a historic building that ranks as one of the most impressive samples of local architecture in the entire Western Macedonia region.

At the main square of the village, visit Nymfi, an outlet run by the local women’s cooperative, for marmalades, trachanas (pasta made from flour and milk), mountain tea, etc. At Kir-Yianni visitors can find exceptional Kir-Yianni label wines.



The region’s capital and main city is a lovely urban hub that possesses its own special ambience and colour. The Florina Museum of Modern Art houses over 600 works. Megalou Alexandrou Street is lined with interesting buildings, including the renewed kafenio Diethnes, a neoclassical construction dating back to 1926. Live and graphic, with neoklasika and makedonitika houses and a small river crosses it, “city floyrion” has developed in classic wintry destination mainly thanks to the ski centre and in wild beauty nature that surrounds it. Florina known to all over the world through the films of Theodoros Aggelopoylos: “Landscape in the fog”, “the apiarist”, “the meteoro step of stork”. Also they function in the city the Pedagogic Academy (from 1941) and the department Figurative and Applied Arts of University of Western Macedonia. The archaeological Space of Hellenistic City of Florina, in the hill of Saint Panteleimona, constitutes beloved point of campaign in combination with wonderful ways into forest. The tour in Prespes and in the island of Saint Achillean, the visit in the installations of Arktoyroy in Amyntaio, as in the shelters of Wolf but also Bear, are unique experiences. The six lakes of Florina, Small and Big Prespa, Zazari, Cheimaditida, the lake of Stones and Vegoritis, give reason for excursions with ecological interest: here live two from the more infrequent species of animals in Europe, the wolf and the bear, as well as the infrequent mammal bidra.

Amyntaio vineyards

The Amyntaio region’s microclimata is particularly appropriate for making wines that meet the highest of demands, the region’s high attitude and four lakes surrounding the vine yard area being the key factors behind the area’s ideal conditions. Some of Greece’s most renewed wineries are located here, such as Kir-Yianni Estate, the Alfa Estate, the Vegoritis Winery and the Naoumidis farm where renewed Florina peppers are cultivated organically.