Στήλη: Sports

Estelle Mossely

By Theodora Papavasileiou


Estelle Mossely was born on August 19, 1992 from a Congolese father and an Ukrainian mother in Créteil in the Paris region.

She started boxing at the age of 12. She discovered it by chance on television. When she was younger, she tried ballet, swimming and figure skating.

Estelle Mossely studied at the Leonard de Vinci engineering school. At the same time with her sporting career, she works in a large company.

Estelle Mossely shares her life with French boxer Tony Yoka with whom she has 2 sons.

She won her first silver medal, in 2014 during the European Amateur Boxing Championships in the lightweight category of under 60 kilos – women’s category, then she won the bronze medal at the World Amateur Boxing Championships.

In 2016, Estelle Mossely won the gold medal at the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro in the lightweight category. She thus made history by becoming the first French boxer to win an Olympic gold medal in boxing.

In 2018, she was named ambassador of the campaign against discrimination.

She is a bronze medalist in the lightweight category at the 2023 European Games in Nowy Targ.

Estelle Mossely also wrote a book, “Maman t’ecrit”.

In 2022, she participated in season 4 of the show Mask Singer on TF1. It was hidden under the Bride’s costume.

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Sports Games Puzzles

Panagiotis Balasis

What follows are three puzzles – one crossword and two gap filling exercises – on the topic of sports.360_F_278427683_zeS9ihPAO61QhHqdU1fOaPk2UClfgPcW

Crossword : https://crosswordlabs.com/view/sports-crossword-chess-and-football

Gap filling Puzzles : https://puzzel.org/en/label-this/play?p=-NkWg3u47NaU8NyQhSUU


Including sports in every school’s curriculum

By Katsaounos Anastasis, Kollirou Nefeli, Lazana Myrto360_F_278427683_zeS9ihPAO61QhHqdU1fOaPk2UClfgPcW


Over the past few years, the percentage of children who play sports has decreased rapidly. This phenomenon presents a dilemma. People are conflicted weather playing sports should be included in every school’s curriculum or not. So, it is important to consider “what are the advantages and the disadvantages of playing sports at school?”


If playing sports are to be included in schools’ curriculums, there will be major repercussions. To begin with, some people claim that sports are time-consuming. Students should not spend time playing sports because they should focus on more important subjects. To make matters worse, funding for school sports is dramatically costly. The equipment which every school needs, requires a huge funding. Last but not least, in all likelihood, sports lead to violence. This consequently means that student may ever be injured or so heightened aggression during this lesson.

On the other hand, the rise in playing sports can have many benefits. First of all, it is vital for children to keep fit in order to avoid any health problems. Moreover, via sports kids learn to have a balanced diet and they work out regularly. Exercising has, also, a positive impact on both mental and physical health. That is the reason why student athletes are motivated and get better grades at school, according to a volleyball coach called Jenny Lee. What is more, it is also important to remember that working out helps the brain to relax and take a break for many demanding activities, such as studying. Finally, through sports and especially team sports, students collaborate, respect the other athletes and socialise.

Above all, it seems that the advantages of playing sports far outweigh the drawbacks and we firmly believe that sports should be included in every school’s curriculum in order to benefit children with respect to their mental and physical health. In our opinion, students should be aware of fair play and respect of their opponents so that any instances of violent behaviour would be minimised.

αρχείο λήψης

Paolo Maldini

By Dionysis Stathopoulos Kostas Sorras Nasos Rallis Andreas Anagnostopoulos

Χωρίς τίτλο

Paolo Maldini is widely regarded as one of the greatest defenders in the history of football. Born on June 26, 1968, in Milan, Italy, Maldini spent his entire professional career with AC Milan, becoming an iconic figure for the club. Known for his exceptional positional awareness, tackling ability, and composure on the ball, he played primarily as a left back or center-back. Maldini’s loyalty to AC Milan is exemplified by his staggering 25-year career at the club, during which he amassed numerous individual awards and contributed significantly to the team’s success.

Maldini’s illustrious career includes seven Serie A titles and five UEFA Champions League triumphs with AC Milan. He captained the side for over a decade, leading by example both on and off the pitch. Renowned for his sportsmanship and fair play, Maldini was a respected figure throughout the footballing world. His defensive prowess and leadership qualities also earned him 126 caps for the Italian national team, participating in four FIFA World Cups and three UEFA European Championships.

Beyond his on-field achievements, Paolo Maldini left a lasting legacy for aspiring footballers. His commitment, longevity, and consistent high-level performance have solidified his place as a footballing legend.Maldini retired in 2009 but remains an influential figure in the sport, serving as a director at AC Milan, continuing to contribute to the club’s success.


Formula 1: Merging Speed, Precision, and Technological Mastery

By Alex Alafogiannis, Kotsias Jimmy, Angel Karagiannopoulos



Formula 1, often referred to as F1, stands as the apex of motorsport—a global spectacle intertwining state-of-the-art technology, high-speed racing, and an ardent fan base. Rooted in the early 20th century, F1 has transformed into an elite motorsport series showcasing the forefront of engineering, aerodynamics, and human performance. This article delves into the universe of Formula 1, exploring its historical journey, the cutting-edge technology steering it, the riveting races, and its global impact.


The History of Formula 1

Formula 1′s origins trace back to the European Grand Prix motor racing of the 1920s and 1930s. However, the official FIA (Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile) Formula One World Championship, in its current form, took shape in 1950. The inaugural season featured races across Europe, marking the commencement of a global phenomenon captivating generations.


Throughout its history, Formula 1 has been graced by legendary drivers—Juan Manuel Fangio, Ayrton Senna, Michael Schumacher, and Lewis Hamilton—who left an enduring mark. Iconic teams like Scuderia Ferrari, McLaren, and Mercedes-AMG Petronas Formula One Team have contributed to the championship’s rich heritage.


The Technology Behind Formula 1

Formula 1 stands as a crucible for technological innovation, requiring continuous development to lead in racing technology. Key technological advancements in Formula 1 encompass:

1. Aerodynamics: Employing wind tunnel testing, CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics), and advanced materials to maximize downforce and minimize drag.

2. Power Units: The core of a Formula 1 car, featuring a highly efficient hybrid powertrain with a turbocharged V6 engine and energy recovery systems, designed for both speed and energy efficiency.

3. Telemetry and Data Analysis: Real-time data collection and analysis during races enable instant adjustments to a car’s settings, making it a data-driven sport.

4. Materials: Utilizing lightweight, high-strength materials like carbon fiber and advanced alloys to reduce weight and enhance safety.

5. Tires: Collaborating with tire suppliers to maximize grip and performance.




The Thrill of the Races

Formula 1 races are renowned for their excitement and unpredictability, taking place on diverse circuits worldwide. Each race includes intense competition, high-speed chases, pit stops, and strategic maneuvers. With drivers pushing their limits and weather conditions adding an element of unpredictability, no two races are alike.


The Formula 1 calendar spans around 20 races globally, from the historic Monaco Grand Prix to the modern Abu Dhabi Grand Prix, showcasing the sport’s global appeal.


Formula 1′s Global Impact

As a truly global sport, Formula 1 boasts a massive following, broadcasting races to over 200 countries and generating substantial revenue through sponsorships and merchandise sales. Its impact extends to automotive technology, with innovations developed for the racetrack influencing production vehicles, enhancing safety, efficiency, and performance.



Formula 1 transcends being merely a motorsport; it’s a high-stakes fusion of cutting-edge technology, elite athleticism, and pure entertainment. As it adapts to the evolving landscape of technology and competition, Formula 1 stands as a symbol of human ingenuity and determination. Whether a lifelong fan or a newcomer, the world of Formula 1 offers something for everyone to appreciate and enjoy.


By Alex Maragos, Andrew Malamis

Lionel Andres Messi was born on the 24th of June 1987 in Rosario, Argentina. He is an Argentinian football player who is playing as a forward in Ligue 1 (french league) in Paris Saint-Germain and is also the captain of the Argentina national team.


Messi’s Past

Messi was born and raised in central Argentina. He is of Italian and Spanish descent from his fathers side as he was the great grandson of immigrants from Italy, and on his mothers side he is mostly of Italian ancestry as well. He has loved football from an early age as his family was and is dear fans of football. He joined the Newell’s Yound boys just at the age of 6. He played for 6 years in Newell’s and during that time he scored almost 500 goals. His professional career was looking promising but was also threatened at just the age of 10 due to him being diagnosed with a growth hormone deficiency.


His Time in Barcelona

Messi relocated in Spain at the age of 13 to join Barcelona. He made his debut at the age of 17 in October 2004 . He helped Barcelona win the first treble (when a club wins 3 trophies in a singular season) in season 2008-09. That year, at the age of 22, he was awarded with his first Ballon d’Or. 3 successful seasons followed and he won in total 4 consecutive Ballon d’Or’s. In the year 2011-12 he set the record of most goals in a single season while also being established as Barcelona’s top scorer of all time. In season 2015 becoming the all-time top scorer in LaLiga (Spanish league) and also leading Barcelona to a second treble, that year he was awarded with his fifth Ballon d’Or. Messi received captaincy of Barcelona in 2018 and in 2019 he received his sixth Ballon d’Or. As his contract ended in the year of 2021, his 20 years of stay in Barcelona had come to an end and as a result he signed a contract with Paris Saint-Germain.


His Records


World Records


One of only two players to score over 100 goals in UEFA club competitions, Lionel Messi is now plying his trade at Paris Saint-Germain after bringing the curtain down on a remarkable two decades at barcelona in summer 2021.

The records, milestones and unique achievements keep on coming.

How many Champions League titles has Messi won?

Messi has won the Champions League three times – in 2009, 2011 and 2015 (all with Barcelona). He was also a regular for the Spanish club when they won the trophy in 2006 but was not part of their squad for the final.

Messi’s club recordsMessi has amassed over 700 goals at club level since making his senior competitive debut just past his 17th birthday. He has rewritten the record books in the UEFA Champions League and Liga. Messi is also second only to Cristiano Ronaldo in the all-time lists for top UEFA clubcompetition scorers (he has 132, Ronaldo 145) and top UEFA Champions League/Europian Cup scorers (129 compared with Ronaldo’s 140). Ronaldo is two years Messi’s senior.

Messi’s Champions League records

  • Most Champions League group stage goals: 80 (71 for Barcelona)
  • Most Champions League round of 16 goals: 29
  • Most Champions League goals for one club: 120 (Barcelona)
  • Most successive seasons scoring in Champions League: 18
  • Most Liga goals: 474
  • Most Liga goals in a single season: 50 (2011/12)
  • Most Liga hat-tricks: 36
  • Most Liga titles won by foreign player: 10
  • Most Ballon d’Or awards: 7
  • Most ESM Golden Shoes: 6
  • Most goals in calendar year: 79 in 2012 (91 including goals for Argentina)
  • Most UEFA club competition goals for single club: 123 (Barcelona)

Messi’s Liga records

Messi’s individual honours

Messi’s other club records

Messi’s international records


As well as lighting up the club game, Messi has thrived on the international stage, sealing his status as an Argentina legend comparable to Diego Maradona when he captained his nation to FIFA world cup glory at Qatar 2022. He weighed in with two goals against France in the final and also converted his spot kick in the shoot-out as the Albiceleste triumphed on penalties.

Since making his debut in 2005 aged 18 following his starring role in Argentina’s FIFA U-20 World Cup win, Messi has won caps for 18 years running and scored in each of the last 17 (up to and including 2022). He also skippered his country to victory at the 2021 Copa América and Finalissima 2022, and is on course to become only the third man to register 100 international goals.

  • Most Argentina caps: 172
  • Most Argentina goals: 98
  • Most caps for South American nation: 172
  • Most goals for South American nation: 98
  • Youngest Argentinian to score at a World Cup: 18 years 357 days
  • First player to score in four different World Cup tournaments for Argentina
  • Most individual World Cup appearances: 26
  • Most Argentina World Cup goals: 13
  • Only player to score in World Cup group stage, round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals and final





Sports have a very important and significant effect on a person’s daily life. By being involved in any kind of sports you are interested at, it has a lot of mental and health benefits. There are plenty of reasons why you should become involved in sports, with reduced body fat, bone strengthening, improved stamina and flexibility being some of the reasons why you should take up a sport.

Firstly, by taking part in a sport lowers risk of heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Secondly, stronger immunity is a very important health benefit of playing sports and regular exercise, as it improves the White Blood Cells level. White Blood Cells (WBCs) are the primary agent of the body that fights diseases. Another physical benefit of sports for your health includes stronger bones. While participating in any kind of sports, you put stress on your bones with maximum strength movements, which helps increase bone density and make bones stronger.

Similar to physical benefits, sports have an immense effect on mental health. Firstly, participating in a sport improves your mood, playing sports compels you to concentrate on the activities and keep worries aside. As physical activities trigger brain chemicals, individuals become happy and relaxed. Secondly, it helps in reducing stress, physical activities result in the release of endorphins. Endorphins are the chemicals in the brain that help to reduce stress and pain. Thirdly, playing sports or participating in regular exercise can help boost self-confidence. While you engage in any kind of sport, your strength and skills increase, as a result improving your self-confidence.

Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro

By Catherine Drosopoulou


Cristiano Ronaldo dos Santos Aveiro (born 5 February 1985) is a Portuguese professional footballer who plays as a forward for Premier League club Manchester United and captains the Portugal national team. Widely regarded as one of the greatest players of all time, Ronaldo has won five Ballon d’Or awards and four European Golden Shoes, the most by a European player. He has won 32 trophies in his career, including seven league titles, five UEFA Champions Leagues, and the UEFA EuropeanChampionship. Ronaldo holds the records for most appearances (183), goals (140), and assists (42) in the Champions League, goals in the European Championship (14), international goals (117), and international appearances by a European (189). He is one of the few players to have made over 1,100 professional career appearances, and has scored over 800 official senior career goals for club and country.

By 2003 (when he was just 16 years old) Manchester United paid £12 million (over $14 million U.S. dollars) to sign him, a record fee for a player of his age.

In the 2004 FA Cup final, Ronaldo scored Manchester’s first three goals and helped them capture the championship. He set a franchise record for goals scored in 2008, before Real Madrid paid a record $131 million for his services the following year.

By the time he was 10 years old, Ronaldo was already recognized as a phenomenon — a kid who ate, slept and drank soccer. «All he wanted to do as a boy was play football,» his godfather, Fernao Sousa, recalled for British reporters, adding, «He loved the game so much he’d miss meals or escape out of his bedroom window with a ball when he was supposed to be doing his homework.»

There are seven members in his family. Cristiano Ronaldo is well settled with his girlfriend Georgina Rodriguez. He met Georgina in 2016 at a Gucci store in Madrid where the 28-year-old was working at. Cristiano and his wife Georgina were expecting twins in 2022.

The eldest son of Cristiano is Cristiano Ronaldo Jr. whose mother is an unknown American woman. He also has twins, Mateo and Eva Maria Dos Santos and Alana Martina Dos Santos. The youngest member of Cristiano Ronaldo family, is a baby girl, was born recently in 2022. The duo were expecting a boy and girl, however the newborn son tragically died shortly after Georgina gave birth.


  • Became the most expensive teenager in Britain in 2003.
  • His idol is Luis Figo.
  • Was selected for the Portuguese national team after debuting against Kazakhstan in November 2003
  • His father named him after former American President Ronald Reagan.
  • He was the first ever Portuguese Manchester United Football Club player
  • His parents names are José Dinis [de] Aveiro, deceased, and wife Maria Dolores dos Santos
  • Has appeared in several Nike adverts
  • Before joining Manchester United he played against them for Sporting Lisbon weeks later he was signed by Manchester United
  • Sporting Lisbon signed him up for their schoolboy team at the age of 13 for £1,500
  • His father passed away while he was on international duty in Russia.
  • In the first ever FIFPro awards was voted the special young player of the year award.
  • Wears the number 7 shirt
  • His Store CR7 Run By his older sister Elma was robbed by Porto Fans.
  • Won the Ballon d’Or five times: 2008, 2013, 2014, 2016 and 2017.
  • Not only does he know Portuguese but Spanish and English, as well.
  • Captain of the Portuguese national team who won the 2016 Euro Cup.
  • Played for Portugal in the 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018 FIFA World Cups; scored 7 goals.

He was named in the UEFA Team of the year: 2004, 2007-2017 292 appearances for Manchester United; scored 118 goals. Honours: Premier League (2007, 2008, 2009), FA Cup (2004), Football League Cup (2006, 2009), Community Shield (2007), UEFA Champions League (2008), FIFA Club World Cup (2008)

  • FIFA World Player of the Year: 2008.
  • UEFA Super Cup: 2014, 2017.
  • FIFA Club World Cup: 2014, 2016, 2017.
  • Supercopa DE España: 2012, 2017.
  • Copa Del Rey: 2010-11, 2013-14.
  • FIFA Club World Cup: 2008.
  • UEFA Champions League: 2007-08.
  • Serie A: 2018-19, 2019-20.
  • UEFA Nations League: 2018-19.
  • Sporting CP – Supertaça Cândido DE Oliveira: 2002.
  • Supercoppa Italiana: 2018, 2020.
  • Football League Cup: 2005-06, 2008-09.
  • FA Community Shield: 2007.
  • Premier League: 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09.
  • UEFA European Championship: 2016.
  • UEFA Champions League: 2013-14, 2015-16, 2016-17, 2017-18.
  • La Liga: 2011-12, 2016-17.
  • Coppa Italia: 2020-21.
  • FIFA Ballon d’Or/Ballon d’Or: 2008, 2013, 2014, 2016, 2017.
  • FA Cup: 2003-04.
  • Cordão Autonómico DE Distinção.
  • Premier League Player of the Season: 2006-07, 2007-08.
  • Teresa Herrera Trophy.
  • His son and Neymar son born in same date.
  • Premier League Golden Boot: 2007-08.
  • European Golden Shoe: 2007-08, 2010-11, 2013-14, 2014-15.
  • Trofeo Santiago Bernabéu.
  • U-13 Regional Championship.
  • Medal of Merit, Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa (Portuguese Royal Family).
  • The Best FIFA Special Award for Outstanding Career Achievement: 2021.
  • Grand officer of the Order of Prince Henry.
  • PFA Players” Player of the Year: 2006-07[70] 2007-08.
  • Commander of the Order of Merit.
  • FPF Portuguese Player of the Year: 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019.
  • The Best FIFA Men’s Player: 2016, 2017.
  • Pichichi Trophy: 2010-11, 2013-14, 2014-15.
  • Serie A Footballer of the Year: 2019, 2020.
  • Capocannoniere: 2020-21.
  • La Liga Best Player: 2013-14.
  • Most appearances in the FIFPro World11:
  • Only player to score more than 50 goals in seven consecutive calendar years.
  • Most hat-tricks in a La Liga career: 25.
  • First player to score in consecutive FIFA Club World Cup Finals.
  • Franz Beckenbauer Cup.
  • Most FIFA World Player of the Year awards: 3.
  • Only player to win the league title, domestic cup, domestic super-cup, Champions League, Club World Cup, league player of the year, Golden Shoe and Ballon d’Or at two clubs (Manchester United and Real Madrid).
  • Most goals scored in all official senior competitions: 807.
  • First male player to score ten international hat-tricks.
  • Most goals scored in the FIFA Club World Cup: 7.
  • Most FIFA World Cups scored in: 4.
  • Oldest player to score a hat-trick at a FIFA World Cup: 33 years, 130 days.
  • Most men’s international goals scored: 115.
  • Most men’s international caps: 185 caps.
  • Most Liked Person On Facebook (Male).
  • Most different national teams scored against: 46.
  • First player to score in ten, eleven, and twelve consecutive international tournaments.
  • Most goals in a UEFA Champions League season by an individual: 17.
  • Most international goals scored in a calendar year: 32.
  • First player to reach 100 career goals in the UEFA Champions League.
  • Most appearances in all UEFA club competitions: 190.
  • Most goals scored from direct free kicks in UEFA Champions League history: 12.
  • Most goals scored from penalty kicks in UEFA Champions League history: 19.
  • Most goals scored in the UEFA Champions League: 140.
  • Most goals scored in group stage of a UEFA Champions League season: 11.
  • First player to score a hat-trick in consecutive Champions League knockout matches.
  • Most appearances in the UEFA Champions League proper: 183.
  • First player to reach 100 career goals for a single club in the UEFA Champions League.
  • Most UEFA Champions League goals scored in a calendar year: 19.
  • First player to reach 100 career wins in the UEFA Champions League.
  • Most goals scored in European club competitions: 143.
  • First and only player to score 15 or more UEFA Champions League goals in three seasons.
  • First and only player to score in all six group stage matches in the UEFA Champions League in a season.
  • Most goals scored in UEFA Champions League knockout phase: 58.
  • Most individual teams scored against in the UEFA Champions League: 37.
  • Most assists in the UEFA Champions League: 42.
  • Most career wins by an individual in the UEFA Champions League/European Cup: 114.
  • First player to reach 100 career goals in European club competitions.
  • Most goals scored in a UEFA Champions League/European Cup season: 17.
  • Most UEFA Champions League hat-tricks scored by 30+ player: 6.
  • Most goals scored in the UEFA European Championship, including qualifiers: 45.
  • First player to appear in three UEFA European Championship semi-finals: in 2004, 2012, and 2016.
  • Most career goals in UEFA European Championship qualifiers: 31.
  • First and only player to finish UEFA Champions League top scorer in six consecutive seasons (from 2012-13 to 2017-18) and in seven seasons overall.
  • First player to finish as top scorer in the Premier League, La Liga and Serie A.
  • Most appearances at UEFA European Championship finals tournaments: 25.
  • Most appearances in UEFA European Championship competition (including qualifying): 60.
  • Most Man of the Match awards at the UEFA European Championship: 6.
  • First and only player to have scored three or above (goals) at more than one UEFA European Championship finals tournaments: in 2012, 2016, and 2020.
  • Most headed goals at UEFA European Championship finals tournaments: 5.
  • First and only player to score ten goals against a single opponent (Juventus) in the UEFA Champions League.
  • First player to have won the European Golden Shoe in different leagues: English Premier League (2007-08) and Spanish La Liga (2010-11, 2013-14, 2014-15).
  • First player in the history of UEFA Champions League to score three hat-tricks in a single season.
  • Most goals scored in the UEFA Champions League quarter-finals: 22.
  • Most career goals at UEFA European Championship finals tournaments: 14.
  • Most consecutive UEFA Champions League matches scored in: 11.
  • Most goals scored in the UEFA Champions League semi-finals: 14.
  • First and only player to score in three UEFA Champions League Finals: in 2008, 2014, and 2017.
  • First player to have played at five UEFA European Championship finals tournaments.
  • Fastest La Liga player to score 200 league goals: 178 matches.
  • Most goals scored from penalty kicks in La Liga history: 61.
  • Fastest footballer to reach 20 league goals in one La Liga season: 12 rounds.
  • First player to score in six consecutive Clásicos.
  • Fastest La Liga player to score 150 league goals: 140 matches.
  • Only player to reach 30 goals in six consecutive La Liga seasons.
  • Fastest La Liga player to score 300 league goals: 286 matches.
  • First player to ever score ten goals in four, five, six and seven consecutive UEFA Champions League seasons: from 2011-12 to 2017-18.
  • Most UEFA Team of the Year appearances: 15.
  • First player to score for two winning teams in the UEFA Champions League/European Cup: Manchester United (2007-08) and Real Madrid (2013-14).
  • First player aged 21 or under to score at least twice in three consecutive Premier League appearances.
  • Fastest footballer to reach 15 league goals in one La Liga season: 8 rounds.
  • Most goals scored in UEFA European Championship and European FIFA World Cup qualifiers: 64.
  • Most goals scored in Madrid Derby matches: 22.
  • Fastest player to score 350 goals for one club: 335 matches.
  • Most teams scored against in a La Liga season: 19.
  • First player to appear in more than one position in the UEFA Team of the Year.
  • Most UEFA Best Player in Europe Award and UEFA Club Footballer of the Year awards: 4.
  • Most consecutive appearances in the UEFA Team of the Year: 14.
  • Most goals scored in a calendar year for the Portugal national team: 14.
  • Most matches played in World Cup finals: 17.
  • First Portuguese player to score a Premier League hat-trick.
  • Most consecutive away matches with at least one goal scored in a single Serie A season.
  • Real Madrid all-time top goalscorer: 450 goal.
  • Fastest player to reach 200 official goals.
  • Most recorded assists for the Portugal national team: 32.
  • Most international caps as captain: 128 caps.
  • First Portuguese player to score a Serie A hat-trick.
  • First player to score in seven consecutive away matches in a debut Serie A season.
  • Fastest player to reach 50 league goals.
  • Top goalscorer in UEFA Champions League: 105 goals.
  • Most goals scored by a Portuguese player in Serie A: 81.
  • Youngest player to reach 100 caps: 27 years, 8 months and 11 days.
  • Most goals scored in seven consecutive league matches: 15.
  • Fastest player to reach 100 league goals.
  • Most La Liga hat-tricks in a season: 8 hat-tricks.
  • Most consecutive Serie A matches scored in: 11.
  • Only Portuguese player to score 400 league goals in European top flight leagues.
  • Youngest player to appear in a European Championship final: 19 years, 150 days.
  • Most goals scored from penalty kicks in a Serie A season: 12.
  • Most assists in Real Madrid history: 131.
  • Fastest player to reach 10 official goals in all competitions: 16 appearances.
  • Most hat-tricks in La Liga history: 34[.
  • Most goals scored from penalty kicks in UEFA Champions League: 14.
  • Most goals scored in a season (in all competitions): 37.
  • Most Premier League goals in a 38-game season: 31.
  • Most hat-tricks in La Liga: 34.
  • Youngest player to represent Portugal at a major tournament: 19 years, 4 months.
  • Most European Golden Shoes: 4.
  • Oldest player to score a UEFA Champions League hat-trick: 34 years, 35 days.
  • Most expensive footballer in history: EUR94 million (£80 million) at 2009.
  • First player to score in eight consecutive match-days.
  • Most goals scored in El Clásico matches: 18.
  • Most followed athlete on Twitter: 37,831,159 followers as of 15 September 2015.



History Of Water Polo

By: Ioannis Kolokithas

          and  Haris Economopoulos


The Beginning Of Water Polo:


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The history of water-polo extends back to the Victorian English Society, as a by-product of the industrial revolution and love of sport. In the mid of the 1870’s, the English were moving in towns due to the rapid industrialization, while the construction of baths allowed them “to get washed” and “to learn swimming”. This new game was called “football in the water”. The origins of water polo are obscure to say the least but we do know that the word “polo” is the English pronunciation of the Indian word “pulu,” that means ball. Just as the ball game that is played on horseback became known as “polo,” the ball game played in the water became known as “water polo,” the name is the only connection between the sports. The game of water polo was first played in the United States in 1888. It featured the old rugby style of play which looked like American football in the water. “American style” water polo became very popular and by the late 1890’s was played in such places as Madison Square Garden and Boston’s Mechanics Hall, attracting 14,000 spectators to the big national championship games.


The Evolution Of Water Polo:

It is believed that British holiday resort owners invented this rather strange pastime during the mid-1800s, in an attempt to attract guests. The first games were played on nearby rivers and lakes, and the game’s passing similarity to horseback polo gave it the name “water polo.”

By 1869, a rubber ball had began to replace the original ball which was made from a pig’s stomach. In 1870 the London Swimming Club formulated rules for the sport and hosted the first official game at the Crystal Palace Plunge in London. Games resembled rugby on the water, and were based more on brute strength than athletic skill. Underwater wrestling would leave some players barely conscious when they managed to get to the surface.

A common ploy players used was to place the small ball in their swimming trunks and swim underwater towards the goal, where they would score by removing the ball and slamming it onto the pool deck.

In 1880, rules were introduced in Scotland to shift the game’s focus to skill over force. A bigger ball, similar to a soccer ball, was used, nets were introduced and players could no longer tackle opponents who did not have possession of the ball. The same rules still apply to today’s game.

The game that evolved into contemporary water polo started off as an adaptation of rugby played in lakes and rivers; the object of the game was to “carry” the ball to the opponent’s side.

The Scottish rules were adopted throughout Great Britain, and the game quickly caught on in countries like Hungary, Belgium, Germany, Austria and France, which began playing the sport in the late 1800s.

In 1888, Water polo was introduced into the United States by English swimming instructor John Robinson. The game featured the old rugby style of play which was much like gridiron football in the water. “American style” water polo became very popular and by the late 1890’s was played in such venues as the Boston’s Mechanics Hall and Madison Square Garden.

The game of the day featured set plays like the “flying salmon,” where the player with the ball leapt through the air from the backs of his teammates to score a goal. Violence was the game’s main attraction.

As the sport grew in popularity, so did its level of violence, with little rules to prevent it. In the 1800’s the intent of the game was to place the ball with two hands against the wall at one end of the pool to score. Players often swam underwater in an attempt to gain an advantage, only to be attacked by their defenders in the same manner.

In addition to the aggressive play, many of the pools and lakes in which it was played were often poorly filtered and very murky, creating even more mystery regarding the actions that took place beneath the surface. It was not uncommon for players to be dragged from the water unconscious. This may have added to the popularity, with crowds as many as 14,000 attending some games in New York City. In fact, its popularity was so great it was named the first Olympic team sport in 1900. Interestingly enough, women’s water polo was the last Olympic team sport to be added in 2000.

Meanwhile, the rest of the world adopted the Scottish rules: Hungary in 1889, Belgium in 1900, Austria and Germany in 1894 and France in 1895. By 1900, water polo was so popular it became the first team sport added to the Olympic Games program and has remained an Olympic sport ever since. Great Britain won gold at each of the first four Olympic Games.

In 1911, the Federation International de Natation Amateur (FINA), the international governing body for all amateur water sports, adopted the Scottish rules for all international water polo events.

United States continued to play by their own rules until 1912, when, instead of playing their semi-final game in the National Championship tournament, the New York Athletic Club and the Chicago Athletic Association chose to fight instead. The Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) cancelled its sponsorship of water polo until 1914 when United States clubs finally agreed to play under the more civilized international rules.

Over the years the game has evolved to more of a soccer style in which an opponent could only make contact if a player held the ball. In addition, the evolution of swimming changed the game from brute strength underwater to one of passing and speed above the surface.

Women were not allowed to compete at the Olympics until the 2000 Games in Sydney, where Australia won the gold medal, the United States took the silver, and the bronze went to Russia. The first Water Polo World Cup for women was held by FINA (the sport’s governing body) in 1979, and the first World Championships took place in 1986.

The most notorious incident in the history of Olympic water polo took place during the 1956 match between the Soviet Union and Hungary. Four weeks prior to the Games, 200,000 Soviet troops invaded Hungary to suppress an anti-Communist uprising, so there was plenty of bad blood between the two sides before the scrappy game started.

The game was marred by brawls and became so brutal that officials called it off altogether. Hungary was leading 4-0 at the time and was declared the winner; the team advanced to the finals and won the gold.

Hungary has also fielded some of the most celebrated water polo players of all time. Dezso Gyarmati won a medal at five different Olympics from 1948-1964 (3 gold, 1 silver and 1 bronze). Oliver Halassy, who represented Hungary three times between 1928-1936, won 2 gold and 1 silver. What makes his medal count even more extraordinary is that Halassy had one of his legs amputated below the knee as a child.

Hungarians are well-known for their extraordinary play in the water. Hungary has won the most medals in Olympic water polo history, with a total of thirteen, including 7 gold, four of them coming between 1932-1956. Like other notable southern European nations, such as Italy, Spain and Yugoslavia, its national team draws its players from a pool of talent that plays in the professional leagues.

Water polo within the United States was adopted as a championship sport for men in the collegiate system in the early 70’s, while women were added about 30 years later as participation grew. Today, collegiate and high school teams can be found throughout the country.

Internationally the game is played all over the world, with Europe and Asia boasting the world’s strongest programs for men. The USA is the only non-European team to win Olympic medals. In addition to the gold won by the New York Athletic Club in 1904, the United States men’s program won silver medals in 1984 and 1988 and bronze medals in 1924, 1932 and 1972.


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General rules of water polo 

  • Water polo players in possession of the ball can pass the ball forwards, sideways or backwards.
  • Water polo players must tread water and are not allowed to touch the bottom of the pool – with the exception of the goalkeeper.
  • The ball can be advanced by passing with one hand or swimming with the head above the water and the ball between the arms so that it rides on the wave created by the swimmer (which is called ‘dribbling’).
  • The ball can only be handled by one hand at a time in water polo – with the exception of the goalkeeper, who can use both hands.
  • There is no real offside rule, except within 2m of the opponent’s goal line.
  • Water polo teams have 30 seconds from gaining possession in which to shoot. If this time expires, then the ball is passed over to the opposition.

Fouls in water polo

Fouls are common in water polo, and referees really have to have their wits about them due to the amount of infringements that can take place out of view under the water. There are three types of fouls in water polo: “ordinary fouls’, which account for the vast majority of whistle stops during a game; “major fouls’; and “penalty fouls’.

Ordinary fouls include:

  • Touching the ball with two hands (with the exception of the goalkeeper).
  • Taking the ball under water when tackled.
  • Impeding an opponent who is not holding the ball.
  • Pushing off an opponent.
  • Failing to shoot or advance the ball within 30 seconds.

When the referee calls an ordinary foul, the offended water polo team is awarded a free throw at the point of the foul.

Major fouls (also called exclusion fouls or personal fouls) include:

  • Kicking or striking.
  • Deliberate splashing in the face.
  • Interfering with a free throw.
  • Misconduct or disrespect to the referee.
  • Holding, sinking or pulling back an opponent who is not holding the ball.

Major fouls may result in a water polo player being sent out of play for 20 seconds. A player receiving three major fouls is removed from the game by substitution.

Deliberate kicking or striking an opponent results in the permanent sending off of the offending player.

Personal fouls in water polo

Some infringements occurring within the 5m zone can result in the award of a penalty foul, if the referee deems the foul has prevented an almost certain goal. The water polo player taking the penalty throw has a free shot at the goal from the 5m line, with only the goalie defending.




By Mitsis Vasileios



What is Taekwondo?

The martial art of taekwondo was created in South Korea in the 1950s as a method of military fighting. Most people are familiar with TKD as a system that emphasizes its primary weapons, which are quick and powerful kicks. Although hand strikes are also included, they are not as significant as kicks.

Since its debut at the Sydney, Australia, Olympic Games in 2000, TKD has been a part of the competition.

What are the different styles of Taekwondo?

There are numerous styles and sub-styles in taekwondo. But in general, WT, ITF, ATA, and Traditional are the four most prevalent styles.

Traditional TKD style

The term «traditional style» refers to the mannerisms used by Korea’s first nine kwans in the 1940s. Tang Soo Do was the most common moniker used at the time by kwans because «Taekwondo» hadn’t yet been coined:

  • Kong Soo Do

  • Tae Soo Do

  • Tang Soo Do”

The traditional style, which is extremely close to Shotokan karate in terms of techniques and instructional methods, is frequently seen to be the most difficult. In truth, it follows the same principles as Shotokan when it comes to combining kicks and punches, although it leans significantly more toward kicking methods than punches.

It exclusively focuses on fighting for self-defense and preparing a person for a real fight. They get extensive knowledge of the psychological and physical sides of combat through rigorous training. The following techniques are prioritized when it comes to technique:

  • Fast and powerful kicks

  • Direct punching techniques

  • Elbows and knees inside the clinch

  • Basic elements of grappling such as trips and throws

International Taekwondo Federation (ITF)

ITF is more in line with the conventional approach and emphasizes training in self-defense. If you want to test your talents, there is competition, although it is not as significant as in other styles. Students study advanced self-defense techniques as well as how to use all of their limbs as weapons in a fight.

ITF’s rules are comparable to those of World Taekwondo (WT). The only significant distinction is that ITF allows you to use hand strikes to hit the head. Punches to the head are not permitted for children under the age of ten, though. Additionally, because the action restarts after each point, sparring cannot continue.

The following is how points are awarded in tournaments:

  • 1 point- for a direct hand hit to the body, a kick to the waist, or an airborne head or foot strike.

  • 2 points- for a high-section kick, a hand attack in midair while standing on both feet, and a jumping mid-section kick.

  • 3 points- for Jumping kick to the high section

Kukkiwon / World Taekwondo (WT)

The majority of contemporary WT schools place a strong emphasis on competition and educating students to win matches using a point-fighting system. Students are taught how to score points by combining quick footwork with a variety of quick and precise kicks that target the upper body beneath the neck. There is minimal to no instruction in self-defense.

The point-fighting rules are as follows:

  • 1 point - for a punch to the trunk protector

  • 2 points - for a kick to the trunk protector

  • 3 points - for a kick to the head

  • 4 points- for a turning/spinning kick to the trunk protector

  • 5 points - for a turning/spinning kick to the head

What style of taekwondo is in the Olympics?

The World Taekwondo (WT)-recognized Kukkiwon style is acknowledged as an Olympic-approved form. The event made its Olympic debut as a demonstration event in 1988 at the games held in Seoul, South Korea, and again in 1992 at the games held in Barcelona, Spain. Finally, it made its Olympic debut in 2000 at the Australian-hosted.