By George Kakos
Can you solve this crossword?
And here is the key to check your answers…
By Katsenos Spyros, Georgiopoulos Stathis & Douvri Konstandina
The advantages of video games
The positive effects of video games have to do both with the elements of the games themselves and with elements relating to the enviroment that is formed around an online game.
In an electronic game the child is asked to make specific movements in order to achieve a good result in a short time, in short he enters a thought process.
Consequently, he can improve his skills to a very basic level, in terms of hand-eye coordination, the so-called fine movements.
As the games become more complex, then the player will need to draw a sequence of movements within the game, a specific path,
to assess its strengths, to manage resources at its disposal to improve its position.
Many video games also contain problems and puzzles. In that way, the player will develop the ability to read and basic mathematical skills accordingly
problems and puzzles that you will be called upon to solve. He will start making assumptions and verifying them, he will use a mnemonic map of the area in which
the game is played. Finally, he will be able to develop a good understanding of the situation at any time and make quick decisions after analyzing the situation.
The most important thing is that he will need to concentrate for a significant period of time and insist on his self-improvement in order to be able to overcome his opponents starting with zero skills.
In the microcosm created around a game, children engage in dialogues first at the level of a group’s basic understanding and then creating stable groups of teammates and if
the game allows, large teams of tens or even hundreds of clans. In this context, the children-players know each other better and beyond what a nickname may suggest,
and on the sidelines of a batch, they talk and comment. Some will go through the process of organizing others to develop organizational skills and decision-making skills,
while at the same time everyone will benefit from the team spirit of cooperation. This initially limited social contact can help shy children, or children without social skills, feel accepted
and practice how to talk and make friends.
The disadvantages of video games
Video game addiction is mainly due to the secretion of dopamine that is released in the brain after each victory. This hormone is responsible for the feeling of satisfaction and people
we tend to repeat behaviors that please us. Apparently, according to the researchers” findings, video games are designed to fire repeatedly
the secretion of «good» substances, such as dopamine. The electronic world of toys exerts a multi-sensory effect (sound, image, graphics, movement) in which one can hardly, let alone a child,
to avoid because it magnetizes the mind. And it is an indisputable fact that they train the brain in an environment where the immediate reward for any small «success» prevails, as a result of which it rises
dopamine, the hormone of pleasure. According to a post by Psychologytoday, dopamine rewards specific behaviors so that we can repeat them but also does more than just
to enhance our sense of happiness. It is also responsible for regulating muscle movement, improving cognitive function, maintaining concentration, making decisions, evaluating problems.
and their resolution and regulation of prolactin secretion. According to scientists studying the phenomenon, a success or failure in an electronic game «raises» or «lowers» dopamine
from the sloping nucleus of the brain and so the immediate reward model works. The most serious cases of addiction are found in boys compared to girls, while there are studies
since 2011 but also neuroimaging studies that show changes in the gray matter of the brain, but also changes in rates of glucose metabolism in brain structures in normal individuals compared to addicts.
By Marilena Papagiannopoulou
Everybody knows the guy who jumps around and gets coins from brick blocks, Nintendo’s Super Mario! This year Super Mario marks 35 years of amazing games, alongside with hundreds of memories, and of course Nintendo had to celebrate it with an interesting list of events and titles for the Nintenders who own a Nintendo Switch.
Firstly, a vast amount of new game titles has been announced, some already released and some available to preorder at the Nintendo Eshop. Let’s start with the list:
Moreover, new events and features will be added in various games. More specifically:
Furthermore, games and merchandise are here to fascinate us. With more details:
Last but not least, a pretty cool contest is running but, unfortunately, is only available for player living at US-Canada region.
These are the events and elements are featured due to the Super Mario 35th Anniversary and I am excited for each and every one of them!
More details at:
By Peter Moussafiris, Nick Boulias & Mario Malamis
Fortnite is an online video game first released in 2017 and developed by Epic Games. It is available as separate software packages having different game modes that otherwise share the same general gameplay and game engine. The game modes include:
- Fortnite Save the World: a cooperative shooter-survival game for up to four players to fight off zombie-like creatures and defend objects with fortifications they can build,
- Fortnite Battle Royale: a free-to-play battle royal game where up to 100 players fight to be the last person standing and Fortnite Creative, where players are given complete freedom to create worlds and battle arenas.
Fortnite is available only for Windows , PlayStation 4 and Xbox One. While the first two games have been successful for Epic Games, Fortnite Battle Royal became a resounding success, drawing in more than 125 million players in less than a year and earning hundreds of millions of dollars per month, and since has been a cultural phenomenon. Finally, epic games organizes tournaments with big money prizes.
By Marios Nezeritis, Andreas Tsoukarellas and Kanellos Poretsanos
I think shopping is exciting and fun. It relaxes you from every life. I usually go shopping once a week, in my free time, with my friends or only my mum. Of course going shopping with my friend is more fun. If I need extra money my mum gives me. I usually go to a great shopping mall in the city for my shopping spree.
I like bikes. Every day I go cycling. When I go to a great shopping mall, I go to a bike shop and I buy stuff for my bike. I have a great selection of stuff for my bike. Also, I like video games. I haven’t got a great selection of video games because I haven’t got lots of money. I would like a Play station 3 and two video games (Call of Duty Black Ops 3 and Grand the Auto V), but I can’t afford them. Also, I buy clothes and trainers.
Sometimes, my shopping is very exhausting. When I and my friends end the shopping spree, we go to a fast food and eat or to a cafeteria. Oh boy, I just love my shopping spree!!!
By Dimitirs Siatras (B Class)
Video game addiction is an excessive or compulsive use of video games that affects a person’s everyday life. Just like with every other addiction, (smoking, doing drugs) the person addicted needs more and more time in front of a console or a PC playing video games to keep himself satisfied. As a result, the person only pays attention to this activity and underestimates others like work, social life, education.
The addiction is caused by the addictive nature of the video games, and the satisfaction they give us while we’re completing the multiple tasks is what makes us keep coming back for more of this experience. Besides fun, video games give us multiple in-game rewards, freedom, and an opportunity to connect and interact with other players in massive online based games.
The consequences of this addiction can be headaches, red eyes, illusions, back problems and generally physical problems from sitting in one position for multiple hours. But some times the result can be death, just like it has been proven from multiple incidents in China, South Korea, Vietnam, United States and Brazil and more recently in Taiwan where a man died after playing for 40 hours in the private room of an internet café, and was found by the owner of the store.
If there’s such an addicted person in your friendly or family environment, we can help him by recommending him participating in other activities that can get him out from his addiction, encourage his participation in athletic activities and social events. If their addiction has been going for a long time and is irreversible to the above measures then the person shall seek medical attention. There are multiple specialized centers that can help an individual in addiction and have a great effect on him.
By Natalia Kalou (A Class)
Teenagers nowadays have limited free time. If you are one of them you surely understand what I am trying to say. This is not only because of school homework, but also because of their extracurricular activities. So, entertainment is really important for them as it diverts their attention from their demanding lives and amuses them in their leisure time. Entertainment brings happiness, which is a fundamental and powerful medicine that aids health and wellbeing. Happiness can even reduce stress and tension, which young people have to cope with on a daily basis…
With so many sources of entertainment now available, people have many options to choose from in their precious leisure time. Perhaps the best option is to focus on those forms of entertainment that are educational or inspiring, but this is a personal issue…Some people chose forms of
entertainment that do not require hard brain work, because they just want to relax and forget their worries for some time. Here are some ways of entertainment:
Reading book is a really interesting way of entertainment as they offer knowledge, vocabulary expansion and better writing skills. However, teenagers study all day for school and when they have some spear time they can’t stand having their face on a book again, right? Well….no! Actually reading not only has educational offers, but it is also very relaxing. Mental stimulation and stress reduction are only some of its benefits.
Whether being watched on the internet or at the cinema movies are really popular among adolescents. The variety of genres (comedies, horror films, adventures, dramas, romantic films, e.t.c) appeal to a wide audience, so they can choose what they want to see, according to their preferences and mood.
Theater was in ancient Greece a way of education and it was really important that all people watch theatrical performances. Again, theatrical plays could be dramas, musicals, comedies and tragedies. During theatrical performances actors perform live, so they can interact with the audience. That’s something that cinema cannot provide.
Something common between teenagers is music. Some of them prefer pop, others rock or classical music, others enjoy hip hop and others jazz. Music has the power to motivate you, to calm you down and generally it conforms with your emotions. Teenagers especially are expressed by the lyrics of their favorite songs and that’s what makes music so special!
Dancing is one of the best ways to express yourself. Not only does it entertain you, but also tones your whole body. It helps you stay fit, have a better balance, release stress, increase your energy and improve flexibility. Someone can also attend a dancing class and make some new friends to share their passion!
Sports are enjoyable activities really popular among young people as they have many benefits and offer an incredible rush of adrenaline. Playing sports increases stamina, boosts confidence and enhances social life, as sports, especially team sports, involve cooperation and teamwork.
By Theo Stavropoulos & John Sofianos (B class)
The PlayStation 4 (officially abbreviated as PS4), is a video game console from Sony Computer Entertainment. Announced as the successor to the PlayStation 3 during a press conference on February 20, 2013, it was launched on 15 November 2013, in North America, and 29 November 2013, in Europe and Australia. It competes with Nintendo’s WiiU and Microsoft’s Xbox1, as one of the 8th Generation of video game consoles. Its price is at the astronomical amount of 400-600 euros. However, in August 2013, Sony announced over a million preorders for the system were placed. On its North American launch date, one million PlayStation 4 consoles were sold. In the United Kingdom, the PlayStation 4 became the best-selling console at launch with 250,000 consoles sold in 48 hours, and in its first five weeks on the market in the UK, 530,000 units were sold. Worldwide, over 2.1 million consoles had been sold by 3 December 2013. On 7 January 2014, Andrew House announced in his CES keynote speech that the PS4 had sold 4.2 million units before the end of 2013, with over 9.7 million software sales. Like all the video games,PS4 has some problems. Some people have complained about these problems:
Despite the few problems that the ps4 has, we believe that it has more advantages. So, it’s worth buying it.
By Aimilios Leftheriotis
Hearthstone: “Heroes of Warcraft” is a free-to-play, collectible card game (CCG). It entered the close beta state in August 2013 and the open beta state in January 2014.
“Hearthstone” is a game made by Blizzard, a gaming company which is famous for their well-known games “World of Warcraft”, “Diablo” and “Starcraft”.
How to play
Each game of “Hearthstone” is a 1v1 battle between 2 people or even between a person and a computer programme. “Hearthstone” is a turn-based game where each player in their turn can play spells, use their hero power, play weapons or summon minions. The purpose of the game is to deal a total of 30-damage to the opponent hero and win the game this way.
Cards and Heroes
Cards are the main substance of “Hearthstone”, representing the abilities, characters and effects which each player is able to make use of, during the match. Each player has a deck which has strictly 30 cards. All the cards are based on characters and spells of the game “World of Warcraft”. Each player can choose one between 9 different Heroes, while each hero has different cards to choose and a unique hero power.
3 main game modes are available to play in “Hearthstone”.
By Vasilis Athanasopoulos
It is pretty difficult not to have heard of the above title, and if that happens, it indicates that you have been either leaving under a rock or you are a hard core fan of HBOS Game of Thrones, who does not really like reading books. Either way, the purpose of this article is to inform you about this high fantasy masterpiece and explain why there is all this fuss about it.
First of all, it would be wise to explain some things about high fantasy. High fantasy (also referred to as epic fantasy) is a sub-genre of fantasy fiction, defined either by its setting in an imaginary world or by the epic stature of its characters, themes and plot. High fantasy is defined as fantasy fiction set in an alternative, entirely fictional («secondary») world, rather than the real, or «primary» world. The secondary world is usually internally consistent but its rules differ in some way(s) from those of the primary world. By contrast, low fantasy is characterized by being set in the primary, or «real» world, or a rational and familiar fictional world, with the inclusion of magical elements. Well let us say that Game of Thrones stands somewhere in-between. That happens because, although our story takes place in a fantastic place, everything is pretty rational. Some would argue that the existence of inhuman creatures like dragons makes it high fantasy. The problem is that half of the characters consider magic as something real and others see it as a huge lie. In the end, the reader is the one who decides. Here I would like to add that those who turned the books into a series support the existence of the supernatural element.
At the beginning of this article I promised to justify the things that make this piece of writing so special. Well, the first thing is its innovative plot. The story of A Song of Ice and Fire takes place on the fictional continents Westeros and Essos, with a history of thousands of years. The point of view of each chapter in the story is a limited perspective of an assortment of characters that grows from nine, in the first, to thirty-one by the fifth novel. Three predominant stories interweave: a dynastic war among several families for control of Westeros; the rising threat of the dormant cold supernatural Others dwelling beyond an immense wall of ice on Westeros” northern border; and the ambition of Daenerys Targaryen, the exiled daughter of a king murdered in a civil war shortly before her birth, to return to Westeros with her fire-breathing dragons and claim her rightful throne. While the first novel contains hardly any magic at all, the prominence of magic grows in the later volumes. The assortment of disparate, subjective, and not always accurate points of view confronts the reader with a variety of perspectives on each of the other characters from one chapter to the next. GRR Martin initiailly planned that it would be a trilogy, but after realising that his first book was over 3000 pages, he decided to split it into 7 novels. Many of you will probably wonder why I said it is innovative as a backdrop of incest and fratricide, alchemy and murder exists in every fantasy novel. The answer is pretty simple. If you have read Harry Potter and Lord of the Rings you will have probably seen that the good ones and the uncorrupted prevail. That rule does not apply here. Victory may only go to the men and women possessed of the coldest steel…and the coldest hearts. Moreover, in every other fantasy novel we see that the main characters are safe: a safety that is rarely compromised. Well, let us say that this does not apply here, for the main theme of the books is ‘’Valar Morgulis’’ (all men must die).
Another great thing about those books is the way Martin delivers landscapes, cities, battle scenes and sexual scenes. It is true that there has been great fuss about the latter and the fact that over 10% of every book is filled with such content. The fantasy genre rarely focuses on sex and sexuality as much as the Ice and Fire books do, often, in Martin’s eyes, treating sexuality in a juvenile way or neglecting it completely. Martin, however, considers sexuality an important driving force in human life that should not be excluded from the narrative. Providing sensory detail for an immersive experience is more important than plot advancement for Martin, who aims to let the readers experience the novels” sex scenes, «whether it’s a great transcendent, exciting, mind blowing sex, or whether it’s disturbing, twisted, dark sex, or disappointing perfunctory sex. Now concerning the battle scenes, I have to admit that they are very graphical, gory and sometimes you have to have a strong stomach. When he was asked about this fact, the author said that you can only know a man when you put sword in his hand, implying that those parts of the books are of paramount importance. Speaking about the way Martin fleshes out his characters, we should emphasize on the fact that he provides a variety of female characters to explore some of the ramifications of the novels being set in a patriarchal society. Writing all characters as human beings with the same basic needs, dreams and influences, his female characters cover the same wide spectrum of human traits as the males. Martin can identify with all point-of-view characters in the writing process despite significant differences to him, be it gender or age. He does not presume to make feminist statements in either way, although the HBO television adaptation sparked a heated critical response about the series” alleged misogyny, the portrayal of women, and the gender distribution of the readership and viewership.
Speaking of HBO, I have to admit that the book adaptation is outstanding. The set is filled with many talented actors and producers. Till now there are three series that have been produced, each one covering a different book. The production is pretty lavish and has cost 1000000s. It is considered as the most expensive series that has been ever made. Remarkable is also the fact that the Westerosi characters of Game of Thrones speak British English, often (but not consistently) with the accent of the region in England whose geographic location corresponds to that of the character’s home region in Westeros. For instance, Eddard Stark, as Warden of the North, speaks in actor Sean Bean’s native Northern English, while the southern lord Tywin Lannister is heard speaking with a southern accent. Characters foreign to Westeros are often (although not always) played with a foreign-sounding accent. While English is used to convey the common language of Westeros, the producers charged linguist David J. Peterson with developing the Dothraki and Valyrian languages as constructed languages, based on the few words used in Martin’s novels. Dothraki or Valyrian dialogue is subtitled in English. The BBC estimated that, through the series, these fictional languages are heard by more people than the Welsh, Irish and Scots Gaelic languages combined. Lastly it should be noted that the series is appropriate for older audiences (15+) because there are many scenes filled with gore and nudity that may be sometimes explicit.
To conclude, A Song of Ice and Fire is a piece of writing worth reading. I personally believe that audiences of every age can relate and will most definitely find it very engaging. They are novels that explore human nature, they are novels that don’t just surface revisionism, they are bringing the full weight of richness of literary fiction to genre entertainment.