Στήλη: Health-Diet

VEGETARIANS VS MEAT EATERS

By Evita Leontitsi

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Nowadays, it is widely considered that a vegetarian diet is more efficient than the one including meat. Therefore, some people avoid eating meat in favor of a vegetable-based diet. There are several reasons contributing to the introduction of a new way of diet and, as a consequence, it is essential that they are taken into account.

 

First and foremost, people currently are arguably more aware of a healthy way of life. More specifically, a huge variety of studies provide efficient evidence that proves the significantly positive influence that a vegetarian diet can have on a human being. This fact accounts for the escalating desire of people for a healthy and quality lifestyle. Another argument put forward is that the overwhelming majority of livestock consume hazardous chemical substances put into their food. As a consequence, while eating meat, the human also consumes those chemicals, which can undeniably induce detrimental implications, such as a serious infection or disease.

 

Apart from the above mentioned arguments, there are also versatile reasons leading to a vegetarian diet with regards to ethics. In particular, when consuming meat, some animals suffer under appalling conditions and live in restricted areas. Moreover, many people assert the fact that animals have also rights and killing them can indisputably be regarded as an immoral action, due to the slaughtering they face. It is also pointed out that that meat includes – except for useful substances, such as proteins and metals – a great amount of fat, which is mostly responsible for obesity.

 

All in all, more and more people in recent years tend to prefer a vegetable-based diet to the one with meat. This can easily be explained by a variety of factors contributing to such a practice. From my own perspective, not only is a vegetarian diet an efficient and prevalent one, but it can actually be very beneficial and less harmless as opposed to eating meat.

Chocolate

By Dionysia Kloukinioti, Ariana Stigka & Andreas Papadopoulos

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Chocolate is a typically sweet, usually brown, food preparation of roasted and ground cacao seeds. It is made in the form of a liquid, paste, or in a block, or used as a flavoring ingredient in other foods. The earliest evidence of use traces to the Olmecs (Mexico), with evidence of chocolate beverages dating to 1900 BC. The majority of Mesoamerican people made chocolate beverages, including the Maya and Aztecs. Indeed, the word «chocolate» is derived from the Classical Nahuatl word chocolātl.

The seeds of the cacao tree have an intense bitter taste and must be fermented to develop the flavor. After fermentation, the beans are dried, cleaned, and roasted. The shell is removed to produce cacao nibs, which are then ground to cocoa mass, unadulterated chocolate in rough form. Once the cocoa mass is liquefied by heating, it is called chocolate liquor. The liquor also may be cooled and processed into its two components: cocoa solids and cocoa butter. Baking chocolate, also called bitter chocolate, contains cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions, without any added sugar. Much of the chocolate consumed today is in the form of sweet chocolate, a combination of cocoa solids, cocoa butter or added vegetable oils, and sugar. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolate that additionally contains milk powder or condensed milk. White chocolate contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids.

Chocolate has become one of the most popular food types and flavors in the world, and a vast number of foodstuffs involving chocolate have been created, particularly desserts including cakes, pudding, mousse, chocolate brownies, and chocolate chip cookies. Many candies are filled with or coated with sweetened chocolate, and bars of solid chocolate and candy bars coated in chocolate are eaten as snacks. Gifts of chocolate molded into different shapes (e.g., eggs, hearts, coins) have become traditional on certain Western holidays, such as Easter, Valentine’s Day, and Hanukkah. Chocolate is also used in cold and hot beverages such as chocolate milk and hot chocolate and in some alcoholic drinks, such as creme de cacao.

Although cocoa originated in the Americas, recent years have seen African nations assuming a leading role in producing cocoa. Since the 2000s, Western Africa produces almost two-thirds of the world’s cocoa, with Ivory Coast growing almost half of that amount.

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History

Chocolate has been prepared as a drink for nearly all of its history. For example, one vessel found at an Olmec archaeological site on the Gulf Coast of Veracruz, Mexico, dates chocolate’s preparation by pre-Olmec peoples as early as 1750 BC. On the Pacific coast of Chiapas, Mexico, a Mokaya archaeological site provides evidence of cacao beverages dating even earlier, to 1900 BC. The residues and the kind of vessel in which they were found indicate the initial use of cacao was not simply as a beverage, but the white pulp around the cacao beans was likely used as a source of fermentable sugars for an alcoholic drink.

An early Classic-period (460–480 AD) Mayan tomb from the site in Rio Azul had vessels with the Maya glyph for cacao on them with residue of a chocolate drink, suggests the Maya were drinking chocolate around 400 AD. Documents in Maya hieroglyphs stated chocolate was used for ceremonial purposes, in addition to everyday life. The Maya grew cacao trees in their backyards, and used the cacao seeds the trees produced to make a frothy, bitter drink.

By the 15th century, the Aztecs gained control of a large part of Mesoamerica and adopted cacao into their culture. They associated chocolate with Quetzalcoatl, who, according to one legend, was cast away by the other gods for sharing chocolate with humans, and identified its extrication from the pod with the removal of the human heart in sacrifice. In contrast to the Maya, who liked their chocolate warm, the Aztecs drank it cold, seasoning it with a broad variety of additives, including the petals of the Cymbopetalum penduliflorum tree, chile pepper, allspice, vanilla, and honey.

The Aztecs were not able to grow cacao themselves, as their home in the Mexican highlands was unsuitable for it, so chocolate was a luxury imported into the empire. Those who lived in areas ruled by the Aztecs were required to offer cacao seeds in payment of the tax they deemed «tribute». Cocoa beans were often used as currency. For example, the Aztecs used a system in which one turkey cost 100 cacao beans and one fresh avocado was worth three beans.

The Maya and Aztecs associated cacao with human sacrifice, and chocolate drinks specifically with sacrificial human blood. The Spanish royal chronicler Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo, described a chocolate drink he had seen in Nicaragua in 1528, mixed with achiote (Bixa orellana): «because those people are fond of drinking human blood, to make this beverage seem like blood, they add a little achiote, so that it then turns red. … and part of that foam is left on the lips and around the mouth, and when it is red for having achiote, it seems a horrific thing, because it seems like blood itself.»

 

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Types

Several types of chocolate can be distinguished. Pure, unsweetened chocolate, often called «baking chocolate», contains primarily cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions. Much of the chocolate consumed today is in the form of sweet chocolate, which combines chocolate with sugar.

 Milk

Milk chocolate is sweet chocolate that also contains milk powder or condensed milk. In the UK and Ireland, milk chocolate must contain a minimum of 20% total dry cocoa solids; in the rest of the European Union, the minimum is 25%.

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White

White chocolate, although similar in texture to that of milk and dark chocolate, does not contain any cocoa solids. Because of this, many countries do not consider white chocolate as chocolate at all.»White chocolate» contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids.

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Dark

Dark chocolate is produced by adding fat and sugar to the cacao mixture. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration calls this «sweet chocolate», and requires a 15% concentration of chocolate liquor. European rules specify a minimum of 35% cocoa solids .A higher amount of cocoa solids indicates more bitterness. Semisweet chocolate is a dark chocolate with a low sugar content. Bittersweet chocolate is chocolate liquor to which some sugar (typically a third), more cocoa butter and vanilla are added.[citation needed] It has less sugar and more liquor than semisweet chocolate, but the two are interchangeable in baking. It is also known to last for two years if stored properly. As of 2017, there is no high-quality evidence that dark chocolate affects blood pressure significantly or provides other health benefits

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Unsweetened

Unsweetened chocolate is pure chocolate liquor, also known as bitter or baking chocolate. It is unadulterated chocolate: the pure, ground, roasted chocolate beans impart a strong, deep chocolate flavor. It is typically used in baking or other products to which sugar and other ingredients are added. Raw chocolate, often referred to as raw cacao, is always dark and a minimum of 75% cacao. Poorly tempered or untempered chocolate may have whitish spots on the dark chocolate part, called chocolate bloom; it is an indication that sugar and/or fat has separated due to poor storage. It is not toxic and can be safely consumed.

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Source

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chocolate

Health

 By Koutra Georgia, Andonopoulou Georgia,

Athanasopoulos Thanasis & Kaliakoudas Panagiotis

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Health is a very important thing in our lives in order to achieve a long life-span without pain and issues. So, what do you really need in order to be healthy?

The first thing you need to be healthy is to eat a lot of vegetables and fruits on a regular basis. Also, it is very important to boil your food and not fry it. For a healthy diet you have to be able to avoid fast food and sweets. Homemade food is the best option to choose because you know what your food is made of. Finally, drinking a lot of water is an invaluable source of mental and physical well-being.

Another secret for a healthy lifestyle is the physical exercise. There are a lot of ways that you can exercise either at the gym or even at your own home. Running at least fifteen minutes per day will make you healthier and according to research it will make you happier. Nowadays, you can even exercise with the help of your smartphone. There are a couple of apps that you can download and they will show you what exercise to do and how much repetitions or minutes to dedicate. Furthermore, you need to be very concentrated while you exercise so you don’t get injured and don’t forget to work out regularly.

To sum up, combining a healthy diet and a daily exercise is the most beneficial way to live healthily. Eat healthy and work out!

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The Peculiar World of Mental Disorders

  By Koytra Eleni, Pantazopoulou Andriani & Chatzi Aggeliki 

 

A mental disorder, also called a mental illnessor psychiatric disorder, is a disease that causes mild to severe disturbances in thought and/or behavior, resulting in an inability to cope with life’s ordinary demands and routines. The use of the term «mental» (i.e., of the mind) is not necessarily meant to imply separateness from brain or body. There are many different categories of mental disorders, such as:

  • Anxiety disorders: In which anxiety, irrational stress, or fear interfere with the sufferer’s normal functioning. Most well-known of this category are  phobias, generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder and  post-traumatic stress disorder.
  • Mood disorders: In which certain affective (mood/emotion) processes are damaged. Well-known examples of such disorders are major depression (also known as unipolar or clinical depression), bipolar disorder and dysthymia.
  • Psychotic disorders:  In which patterns of belief, language use and perception of reality can become disordered. Most common are schizophrenia and delusional disorder
  • Personality disorders: In which the fundamental characteristics of a person that influence thoughts and behaviors across situations and time are damaged for a long period of time. There are three main sub-categories of personality disorders:
  • The «eccentric», such as paranoid, schizoid and schizotypal personality disorders
  • The «dramatic» or «emotional», such as antisocial, borderline, histrionic or narcissistic personality disorders
  • The  fear-related, such as anxious-avoidant, dependent, or obsessive-  compulsive personality disorders
  • Eating disorders:  In which the patient develops a disproportionate concern in matters of food and weight. Some such disorders are anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, exercise bulimia and binge-eating disorder.
  •  Sleep disorders such as insomnia, which involve disruption to normal sleep patterns, or a feeling of tiredness despite sleep appearing normal
  • Impulse control disorders: In which the sufferer is abnormally unable to resist certain urges or impulses that could be harmful to themselves or others. Most well-known from this category are kleptomania, pyromania and certain types of addiction.
  • Substance use disorders: In which a person is dependent on/abusing mostly illegal substances, such as alcohol, drugs or cigarettes
  • Dissociative identity disorders: In which the patient experiences severe disturbances of their self-identity, memory and general awareness of themselves and their surroundings. Most common are depersonalization disorderDissociative Identity Disorder (which has also been called multiple personality disorder, or «split personality”), amnesia and dementia.
  • Developmental disorders: They manifest during childhood. Most common are autism spectrum disorders, such as oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
 

  Now we are going to focus on some peculiar and rare mental disorders, which can be so singular and perplexing that they weren’t even accepted as legitimate disorders until recently. Some change the way language is used and perceived. Other unusual disorders do the same to vision or motor skills. And some are so bizarre that they alter a patient’s accent or make them believe they’re an entirely different species. Sufferers of these illnesses can lose control of their limbs, see afterimages everywhere, think their loved ones are imposters, and – in one inexplicable case – are made violently ill by the sound of one TV news anchor’s voice.

  • Aboulomania: This generally unknown mental disorder is characterized by crippling indecision, or as psychiatrists calls it, “paralysis of the will.” Sufferers of aboulomania appear mentally normal in all aspects of life. Yet, when faced with simple life choices like whether to wear a jacket or not, they run into major psychological problems to the point that they experience anxiety and may even find it difficult to regain normal function. Many sufferers say their chronic indecision originates from the need for 100% certainty—hence the sufferer can become paralyzed in the inability to fulfill his own free will when confronted with more than one choice. The condition has also been associated with depressive and obsessive-compulsive disorders.

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  • Cotard’s syndrome (walking corpse syndrome): is a specific nihilistic delusion named after Jules Cotard, a French neurologist, who first described the condition, which he called le délire de négation (negation delirium), in 1880. The affected person holds the delusional belief that he or she is already dead, does not exist, is putrefying or has lost his or her blood or internal organs. It is most frequently observed in patients with psychotic depression or schizophrenias and is managed by focusing on the treatment of the underlying disorder. In 2015 a seventeen-year-old girl from Alabama overcame this disorder with the help of Disney movies. She had thought she was dead for three years and only became convinced that she was alive only because of the warm and fuzzy feeling she got from watching Disney cartoons

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  • Capgrass syndrome: Named after a French psychiatrist who described the illusion of doubles, capgrass syndrome is a delusion of misidentification. which manifests as a reoccurring false perception that an acquaintance (usually a spouse or family member) has been replaced by an identical impostor or group of impostors. Capgras syndrome occurs most often in patients with schizophrenia, although it has also been reported in patients with dementia or epilepsy and after traumatic brain injury. It is also more common amongst women than men. In 2011, a woman refused to pick up her daughter from school because, as she insisted, the teachers should give her her “real child” back instead of the “fake”.

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  • Fregoli syndrome: It’s the inverse of Capgras syndrome, named after the Italian actor Leopoldo Fregoli, who was renowned for his ability to make quick changes of appearance during his stage act. It is also a delusion of misidentification and is characterized by a person’s delusional belief that persecutors or familiar people can assume the guise of strangers, in that different people are in fact a single person who changes his or her appearance or who appears in disguise. As in Capgras syndrome, Fregoli syndrome occurs most often in patients with schizophrenia, although it has also been reported in patients with dementia or epilepsy and after traumatic brain injury.

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  • Alien hand syndrome: Also known as “Dr. Strangelove Syndrome”, after the mad scientist unable to control his Nazi-saluting arm in the Stanley Kubrick film, this rare disorder is the misattribution and belief that one’s hand does not belong to oneself, but that it has its own life. The afflicted person has normal sensation but believes that the hand, while still being a part of their body, is acting autonomously, having «a will of its own.» In effect, afflicted people lose the sense of «ownership» of the limb, while often personifying it, believing it to be «possessed» by some spirit or entity. There is a clear distinction between the behaviors of the 2 hands in which the affected hand is viewed as «wayward» while the unaffected hand is under normal volitional control. Alien hand syndrome is usually caused by stroke or other brain damage, particularly in the areas of the corpus callosum, or frontal or parietal lobes. Such a condition can often be traumatic for the sufferer who is terrified that their rogue arm might start exhibiting inappropriate behavior in public, like groping others or manipulating objects or tools. “I would make a telephone call and this hand would hang up the phone…I would light a cigarette and this one would put it out. I would be drinking coffee and this hand would dump it,” patient Karen Byrne described

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  • Autophagia (Self cannibalism/autosarcophagy/Lesch-Nyhan syndrome): It is a disorder in which a person exhibits self-mutilating behavior or less commonly the consumption of his own body parts in a rare condition called autosarcophagy.  Lesch-Nyhan affects the joints, muscles and brain of the sufferer as a result of the overproduction of uric acid in the body, leading to compulsive lip and finger biting in the majority of cases. Consequently, in 60 percent of cases, patients have to have their teeth removed to prevent them from biting off their lips, cheeks and tongues. The condition, occurring almost exclusively in boys, has been related to impulse control disorders in general and can range from mild to life threatening. One example of autophagia is the case of one man whose condition apparently began by merely biting his own nails—but ended up with such a problem that he severely mutilated his fingers.

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  • Lycanthropy: Sufferers of the psychopathological phenomenon Lycanthropy actually believe they are an animal or at least being transformed into one. The condition is often classified as a self-identity disorder subdivided into various types. Scientists believe the disorder can originate in a dream before enveloping the entire awakened mind of the individual. Boanthropy is an aspect of this strange delusional disorder whereby a person believes himself to be a cow or an ox. Some people think that the disorder usually starts out as a dream and goes on to pervade the waking mind, eventually taking hold as a full-blown delusion. It’s possible that the condition can be induced by hypnotism, provided that the subject is more than a little suggestible. Nebuchadnezzar, King of the Neo-Babylonian Empire, is generally thought to have suffered from this condition—at least according to the Book of Daniel, which states that he “was driven from men, and did eat grass as oxen.”

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  • Foreign accent syndrome: Is a very rare disorder characterized by the sudden and unexpected appearance of a seemingly “foreign” accent, which often occurs after some kind of brain injury like a stroke or head injury. The sufferer will begin speaking her native language in a foreign tongue. There have been 50 recorded cases of this syndrome, which apparently has no clear cause or cure, since the 1940s. The condition can last a few hours or become permanent. Imagine being born British only to one day wake up with a Chinese accent. That is exactly what happened to Sarah Colwill, a British woman hospitalized for an intense migraine who after surgery awoke with a Chinese accent, which changed her whole life having to deal with other people’s bewildered reactions and come to terms with her new voice.Linda Walker, 50, recalls waking from a stroke to find that her English Geordie accent had been transformed into a Jamaican one: «I’ve lost my identity, because I never talked like this before. I’m a very different person and it’s strange and I don’t like it,” she told the BBC.

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  • Landau-Kleffner syndrome: Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare form of epilepsy, which usually begins in children between 2 and 8 years old and affects both sexes equally, especially children with previous age-appropriate development. The language disorder may start suddenly or slowly. It usually affects the child’s understanding of spoken language the most, although it may affect both understanding speech and speaking ability, or speaking only.

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  • Synesthesia: This neurological phenomenon occurs when stimulation of one sense leads to involuntary experiences in another sense or a “union of the senses,” where for example taste and sound are mixed together. Some people experience colour when they hear sounds or read words and may be able to answer a question like «What color is 4?». This condition is most useful to artists, with Pharrell Williams and Lady Gaga being both famous synesthetes. In some cases, a person may mix sound and taste so that different noises have a taste in any combination. The condition isn’t considered a disease or much of an illness since its effects are not negative. «One thing we have found is that synesthetes are not a different class of people, they simply have more explicit experiences,» Julia Simner, co-author of The Oxford Handbook of Synesthesia told the Guardian. «It’s a more extreme manifestation of what all of us experience.”

10  THE DIFFERENT SENSORY AREAS IN THE BRAIN HAVE A STRONGER CONNECTION IN SYNESTHETIC BRAINS  

Here’s an additional explanatory video if you want to get to know more about synesthesia:   https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vEqmNX8uKlA        

 

In conclusion, the human mind never ceases to amaze us with all its complexity. It is the most complex machine ever created; and the most ubiquitous. Although  everyone has one, we still have little to no understanding of how it works. Even its illnesses and flaws can be fascinating. Those listed are only a few of the wonderful yet monstrous things that are likely to happen once something goes wrong with it. We all hope we inspired you to dive further into this peculiar world.    

 

SOURCES/BIBLIOGRAPHY  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mental_disorder http://www.mentalhealthamerica.net/recognizing-warning-signs https://www.medscape.com/features/slideshow/rare-psych#4 https://www.alternet.org/personal-health/12-quirky-mental-disorders-you-havent-heard-about https://listverse.com/2013/05/06/10-more-bizarre-psychological-disorders/ https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PPOkuDm7LtM https://www.google.gr/search?q=walking+corpse+syndrome&client=firefox-b-ab&dcr=0&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjf_encyKrYAhVMalAKHY2fDBoQ_AUICigB&biw=1366&bih=635#imgrc=5sWXOMLW4tVQ_M: https://www.google.gr/search?q=capgras+syndrome&client=firefox-b&dcr=0&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi61_aQzKrYAhXQh7QKHRrrABkQ_AUICigB&biw=1366&bih=635#imgrc=WZXewEJw6OQswM: https://www.google.gr/search?q=boanthropy&client=firefox-b&dcr=0&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwizlNPQ4qrYAhVIK1AKHRhcBhgQ_AUICigB&biw=1366&bih=635#imgrc=p00p6tB9d6IoeM: https://www.google.gr/search?q=landeau+kleffner&rlz=1C1CHZL_elGB698GB698&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiF8sD607LYAhWJbZoKHXRhDRcQ_AUICigB&biw=1396&bih=690#imgrc=zoYEaDk3-mUIvM https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vEqmNX8uKlA https://synesthesia.com/blog/index.php/what-is-synesthesia/                

Doping in Ancient Times and Modern Times

By Nick Brakatselos (A Class)

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We can observe through centuries that people, especially athletes, have used illegal substances in order to improve their skills, despite the restrictions imposed by the various athletic organizations. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the use and perception of these illegal techniques through the ages.

In competitive sports, doping is the use of banned athletic performance-enhancing drugs by athletic competitors. The term doping is widely used by organizations that regulate sporting competitions. The use of drugs to enhance performance is considered unethical, and therefore prohibited, by most international sports organizations. Furthermore, athletes taking explicit measures to evade detection, exacerbate the ethical violation with overt deception and cheating.
Historically speaking, the origins of doping in sports go back to the very creation of sport itself.  The general trend among authorities and sporting organizations over the past several decades has been to strictly regulate the use of drugs in sport. The reasons for the ban are mainly the health risks of performance-enhancing drugs, the equality of opportunity for athletes, and the exemplary effect of drug-free sport for the public. Anti-doping authorities state that using performance-enhancing drugs goes against the «spirit of sportsmanship».

Since the time of Ancient Olympia, where the only tangible prize was an olive branch, the glory of the winner was remarkable. Every city-state honored the winner like a hero or god.  This fact forced athletes to resort to irregular techniques to improve their athletic skills.

A mixture of wine and Strychnine, a poison that acts as a stimulant in small doses, and the cock that survived cow-fighting, was considered the ideal food for an athlete before the race. Mushroom varieties and dry figs for sugar content were key nutrients. The wrestlers fed with a mixture of bull and pig meat to get protein. The ancient Egyptians used substances from the backs of the donkeys, while the Roman gladiators drank stimulating substances before entering the arena. Years have passed, but the great desire of many athletes to win at any price has remained unchanged over the centuries.

Nowadays, athletes can do everything in order to win the games. They consume substances as Steroids, Strychnine, Stimulants and Anabolic steroids. Furthermore, in corresponding interviews they answer that they could even die for the victory. However, many sports organizations have banned the use of performance-enhancing drugs and have very strict rules and penalties for people who are caught using them.

Cancer

By Anastasis Panagopoulos, Hara Tsilimigra & Myriam Shoumaf

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In today’s world, there is an increasingly large number of people who suffer from cancer. This disease, being one of the deadliest occurring in the human population, leads to about 8.8 million deaths a year (15.7% of the total number of deaths). Having cancer can heavily influence one’s life negatively and that’s why a lot of initiatives are being taken to eliminate that illness.

 

There are numerous causes of cancer. Tobacco smoking is a leading cause, accounting for about 22% of cancer deaths. Another 10% of deaths are due to obesity, poor diet, lack of physical activity, as well as excessive drinking and alcohol. The place of residence of one person and its hygiene conditions largely matter, as 20% of the cancers in the developing world are because of infections such as hepatitis B, hepatitis C and human papillomavirus infection. Additionally, bad air quality in one’s place of residence or occupation as well as DNA mutations can largely increase the chances of someone getting the disease. Although all those risk factors should be taken into account, scientists have yet to completely understand the causes of cancer, mainly due to the fact that cancer can be observed in numerous form and parts of the human body.

 

The most common type of cancer is Non-melanoma skin cancer, which mostly occurs in skin parts that are exposed to the sun, affecting more than 1 million people every year. It is followed by lung cancer, which causes 160,000 deaths annually and is the deadliest type of the disease. The chances of getting cancer heavily depend on one’s sex. By far the most common cancer in women is breast cancer, which affects about 195,000 women each year. The male “equivalent”, prostate cancer, affects about 192,000 men every year and mainly occurs in men over 50 years old. Next, colorectal and bladder cancer, the cancers of the colon and the bladder, respectively cost thousands of lives and occur in people of all genders and ages. Other common forms of this deadly disease are melanoma, a type of skin cancer, as well as kidney cancer. Moreover, Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, together with leukemia are blood cancers that are commonly found.

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 Treating cancer can be very difficult. One of the most common methods is Chemotherapy, which uses drugs to kill cancer cells, in order to cure or stop the growth of cancer, as well as to ease the symptoms of cancer. Chemotherapy can have side effects, such as fatigue or hair loss. Another common method is radiation therapy which uses x-rays to kill cancer cells and shrink tumors. Radiation therapy may also cause fatigue after a treatment session. Hormone therapy and Immunotherapy use hormones and one’s immune system to fight the disease. Some of the most serious types of cancer are treated with surgery, in which the surgeon removes the cancer from one’s body. However, even though there exist so many methods to combat cancer, some types are incurable, while the procedures above do not always succeed.

 

Cancer can cause physical and mental strain to its victims. That is why we all need to actively support the efforts of cancer patients to recover from their disease by donating to organizations that help such people, as well as contribute in raising public awareness over the topic. A healthy lifestyle, combined with regular tests can critically lower the possibilities of getting the disease. We all have to understand that cancer might occur in each of us and our beloved ones and that taking action isn’t something unimportant or unnecessary. Also, donating to scientific research can effectively change the numbers of cancer survivors and provide for a long-lasting and healthier life of such people.

 

To sum up, cancer is a deadly disease that can largely vary in type and treatment required, which affects the lives of millions of people each year and deteriorates the lives of many more. To fight against it, an active community of engaging citizens is the only way to effectively eliminate it.

 

Sources:

https://www.cancer.gov

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cancer

https://www.everydayhealth.com/cancer/know-the-most-common-types-of-cancer.aspx

 

 

 

TECHNOLOGY AND OBESITY

By Nicolia Papageorgopoulou & Rania Paraskevopoulou

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In today’s world, more and more people are overweight and statistics indicate that this problem is on the increase.  It is obvious that modern lifestyle has greatly contributed to our declining health and fitness.

Modern technology seems to be one of the most major factors that have affected this phenomenon. We now live in a world where machines are capable of doing most manual tasks.  As a result, there is plenty of spare time which, unfortunately, most people spend in front of a screen, sitting on a chair, or staying still. Consequently, people have become lazy and do not bother exercising as it seems too much of hard work.

Technology has also provided people with fast and easily-made food which people find in supermarkets or in fast-food restaurants.  The problem is that this food is full of fat and it is very poor in nutrients.  This fact results in obesity and especially young people tend to become more and more addicted to this kind of food. Homemade food has been replaced to a great degree by fast food because the last one is easier to prepare, faster and tastier.

Considering all this, everyone can realize that technology has led people to less energetic activities and to obesity. No one can deny that sitting and surfing the Net or playing games and at the same time eating a huge hamburger is delightful, but its long-term effects are the most harmful.   It is up to us to stand  up  against  this situation and try for our own good by exercising and eating healthily. 

 

 

The bicycle in our lives

By Dionysis Drakoulelis (A class)

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Cycling is one of the easiest ways to exercise


My opinion is that the bicycle is the best way to exercise and having fun at the same time. Also exercising with a bike you can travel and make trips to breathtaking places – such as forests or beaches. As a result bicycle is a very good «tool» to make your exercise, only if you are exercising every day.

 

Bike as a means of transport


Moreover, a bike can be useful as a means of transport. For example, you can use your bicycle to go to your job than going with your car or your motorbike. This will help the environment and will exercise you. Thereforth you will save a couple of mind that you can use for your escape.

 

Cycling makes you thiner


It is true that cycling can make you thiner! I believe that the daily exercise will make you be fit and raise the normal weight that you must have. Filally, I think that if you get used to it (cycling every day), you will make it a hobby.

 

Conclusion


To sum up, I think that the bicycle has more positive things than negative and the most important of all is that you will be healthier and healthier day per day.

New Year’s Resolutions

          By Ioanna Koutra (A class)

             2016 is here and the most common thing that we do at the start of each year is setting goals. We get excited, we imagine what we would love to do this year and we write down every single thing that goes down to our head, but……..sometimes it’s not as easy to achieve them. This is the reason I am writing today, to give you some tips in how to achieve your goals and also some ideas-goals for this year.

First things first. When we set our goals we need to have a clear mind and not be tired. So let’s get started.

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  1. First of all your goals need to be attainable and realistic. That means that they can be achieved and they are not just big dreams. You have to make changes considering what you can actually do and of course what you are willing to do.
  2. Continuing you must to be sure that your goals are measurable. You must determine your objectives regarding the timeframe you set as well as quantity.
  3. Lastly your goals have to be specific. It is really important your objectives to be accurate, leaving aside abstract thinking.

Now that we have the necessary skills to set goals I believe it’s time to give you some ideas/goals for this year.

  1.  Start a new hobby. A hobby can add diversity, excitement, happiness and joy to our lives. We also meet new people, we develop new skills and we discover different aspects of our personality.

o-WOMEN-YOGA-CLASS-facebookimages2.  Quit a bad habit. Quitting a bad habit has lots of benefits and they vary depending on the habit. For example, did you know that ditching junk food will make you happier? A recent research revealed that people who eat often junk food are more likely to develop depression.

         Quit-Smokingno_FAST_FOOD_2503. Try to eat healthy. Eating healthier will make you more productive and happier. Did you know that certain foods have the ability to moderate cortisol, the stress hormone?

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4. Exercise. Exercise reduces stress, alleviates anxiety and boosts “happy” hormones (endorphins).

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5. Get rid of  “toxic” people. Don’t allow others to make you feeling sad, uncomfortable and strealing your sense of self.

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          To conclude, this is all I had to tell you and I hope I’ve helped you. I hope this year you will achieve all your goals and your dreams will come true. Thanks for reading!

 

 Sources:

 www.nerdwallet.com>health>wellness

www.realbuzz.com/articles/10-surprising-benefits-of-kicking-your-bad-habits/

www.greatist.com>fitness>13-awesome-mental-health-benefits-exercise

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

         

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Ways to lose weight

By Maria Stathopoulou (B class)

Most people have as a goal for 2016 to lose weight. If you are interested too, there are some tips below.

  • DRINK WATER

If you consume more than 3lt water in a day, there will be not a lot of room left for junk food.

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  • Use a smaller plate.

It tricks your mind think there is more food on the plate.

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  • Walk a bit further.

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  Take the stairs vs elevator.

  •  MOVE

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Get up and move with your friends or kids.

  •   Stop drinking coca cola and junk  

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  Go for water.  Flavor it with fruit if you need to.

  • Eat 1-2 cups of veggies before lunch and dinner images (6)

  You’ll be too full to finish your dinner.  And that’s a good thing!

  •  Break up with your diet
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Make it a life style not a period of time.

  • Prepare

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Take food with you.  NEVER be hungry.  When you are hungry you’ll splurge and make bad food choices.

  • SLEEP need_sleep

You should sleep at least  7-8 hours a night

 

    Don’t forget that you can do it! You are strong enough to make it through. I believe in you. You are the only one who can do this. Be that change.

Sources:

https://gr.pinterest.com/search/pins/?q=lose%20weight&rs=typed&term_meta%5B%5D=lose%7Ctyped&term_meta%5B%5D=weight%7Ctyped

http://www.howdoesshe.com

        https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7oM324xBe5E&list=PL330fty7A4aFyNvqkPAIR3cVI1d77Y5xY&index=2

 

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